Ernst Bernard Schlauch
Anna Elisabeth Frick
This family lived in Adelshofen, Baden, Germany.
Their known children are:
Johann Andreas Schlauch b. 25 Feb 1707
Johann Philipp Schlauch b. 11 Jun 1710
Johann Jacob Schlauch b. 14 Mar 1716
Johann Michael Schlauch b. 14 Mar 1716
Philip and Andreas (Andrew) emmigrated to America in September 1732. Jacob also came to
America, date unknown. There is no further record of his twin brother, Michael.
Philip Schlauch (1710 - 1755)
Anna Margaretha Hertzel (1719 - ?)
Early references to the Canadian branch of the Slough family have consistently
speculated that the progenitor was the son of the German pioneer, Hans Jacob
Schlauch, but this is not likely the case.
There are now substantial clues which suggest that the originating family was
that of Philip Schlauch and Margaret Hertzel of Pennsylvania.
Philip Schlauch was an immigrant passenger on the ship Dragon which
arrived at Philadelphia 30 September 1732. (Also recorded on this same ship was
his brother, Andreas Schlauch.
Anna Margaretha Hertzel was born in Reihen (Rhineland), Germany 17 December
1719. She was a daughter of the pioneer Hans Georg Hertzel.
In 1734, Philip took up land near Cowissioppin in Bucks County PA. Shortly
after he had become established in America, Philip and Anna were married about
Philip died without leaving a will some time in the early months of 1755,
leaving the widow and seven children:
George Schlauch 1738-1811 m. Catharina Gigh
Margaret Schlauch 1739-1760 m. Hans Knecht
Catharine Schlauch 1741-1781 m. Ulrich Knecht
Jacob Schlauch 1743-1786
Clara Schlauch 1746-?
Rosina Schlauch 1750-?
Philip Schlauch 1752-?
George Slough ( 1738 - 1811)
(1) Ann Gibson
(2) Catharine Gee
George, the eldest of Philip and Anna's six children, is thought to have been
born about 1738. The evidence for this is the known date of the parental
marriage (1737) and by dated events in George's early life. He was the only
child of age in 1759 when his widowed mother was planning to remarry and had
petitioned the Orphans Court for guardians for her younger children.
These were troubled years for the family. Their mother, Anna Hertzel Slough had
remarried a widower, Philip Gross. There ensued a lasting antagonism between the Slough
children and the new stepfather, even though the two families had been close
before Philip's death. Philip moved in and assumed control of the Slough farm. The
younger Slough children were put out to guardians whereas his own children
lived with him and Anna.
The bitter family estrangement never diminished, even after his death since his
will passed the Slough homestead on to his own children. In 1769, a younger
brother, Jacob Slough petitioned the court for division of their father's
estate. It is a matter of record that George did not participate in this event.
The genealogy cited above states that George had "probably died" since there
was no further record.
One may speculate that George's way of handling the family problem was simply
to move out, since he was of age. In any event, by then George was in his 30s,
married a second time, had started a family and was farming in Lancaster
George Schlauch married, first, Ann Gibson. There is little information on this
marriage. Ann died young, and they evidently had no children.
George married, second, Catharina Gigh (Gee) of Philadelphia in 1764. The
marriage is documented as follows:
Marriage of Georg Schlauch of Caernavon Township and Catharina Gigh, daughter
of Adam Gig of Brecknock Twp. on 28 August 1764.
The Slough and Gee families (with variant spelling of both names) seem to have
been close, since other references in the same church record appear over these
Joh. Georg Schlauch and Maria Catharina Giegin witnesses for the baptism of
Maria Catharina Gieg born 4 Apr 1762, of Hieronimus and Rosina Gieg.
Marriage of Barbara Schlauch, daughter of Michael, of Brecknock Township, to
Johannes Geigle, widower of Caernarvon Twp. on 9 Nov 1761.
Marriage of Michael Gieg, son of Adam of Brecknock Twp. to Anna Rosina Rettig,
daughter of Jacob, on 9 March 1762.
Also supporting the notion that George was a son of Philip, consider the common
practice of the time of naming children after their paternal aunts and uncles.
Of George's eleven children, five given names are repeated from his own
brothers and sisters, Rosina, Mary, Catharine, Jacob, and Johann.
George settled first in the vicinity of Norristown. He was a successful farmer
and eventually accumulated over three hundred acres of prime land in Lancaster
County in the German Valley.
In 1788, George sold the farm and moved to Canada. It is hard to imagine what
motivated him to do this. Canada, after all, was the frontier, and travel
through the wilderness was a terrible hardship, only to arrive at forested
land. To start all over again, George was now about 50 years old with a family
of ten children, four of whom were under 10 years old! One would think his
thoughts of pioneering adventure were by now left behind.
It must have been the irresistible attraction of land. These were the years
following the war when the Crown was struggling to cope with tens of thousands
of refugees and displaced soldiers in Canada. There was plenty of new land to
settle them on, but few knew even the basics of survival and self-support
through farming. Canadian envoys were sent to recruit successful farmers to
help with the problem in exchange for generous grants of land. George must have
been one who accepted the invitation of King George III of England to migrate
In an affidavit dated 22 March 1797, made by his daughter, Elizabeth Slough
Bessey petitioning for land in her own name, she states that her father, George
Slough immigrated to Canada in 1789, placing him among the earliest of the
settlers to do so.
George's formal petitions for land were dated 1797, but he and his sons were
clearing land in Pelham in 1793. The Crown Grants were confirmed in 1802.
George subsequently acquired through grants and purchase extensive land,
eventually totalling about one thousand acres.
Johan George Slough died in Pelham Township, Lincoln County, Ontario in 1811.
He left a considerable estate which was divided among his wife and children.
His will gave the home farm to his second son, John George, provided that he
would provide for his mother, unless she wished to live with any of her other
children. The farm was identified as Lots 2 and 3 in the Fifth Concession of
Pelham Township. The will names his ten other children, granting each of them
thirty-six Pounds eleven Shillings New York Currency, less any amounts he had
previously advanced to them.
George and Catharine's family consisted of twelve children, all born in
Pennsylvania, all married and died in Canada:
Rosina Slough 1765-1847 m. George Hansler
Elizabeth Slough 1768-? m. Jacob Bessey
Mary Slough 1770-1843 m. Andrew Jones
Barbara Slough 1772-?
Phoebe Slough 1774-1845 m. John Stiers
Michael Slough 1775-1830 m. Elizabeth Disher
John Slough 1777-1850 m. MaryAnn Will
Catherine Slough 1779-? m. Jacob Tice
Juliana Slough 1781-?
Susannah Slough 1783-1813
Christianna Slough 1785-? m. Jacob Gainer
Philip Slough ?-1810
John George Slough (1777-1850)
Mary Ann Will (1783-1849)
John George Slough, second son of George, lived in Pelham Township, Welland
County on the old Slough homestead.
In 1802, he married Mary Ann Will. They had twelve children. Not only were
these families large, but they were becoming confusing, as well. Following
family tradition, of his 12 children, 9 were named after John's own brothers
and sisters, leading to enormous possibilities for name confusion over the four
generations of this history!
George Slough died in 1851. His wife, Mary Ann Will had died in 1849. His will
stipulated that all his possessions be liquidated except for the land and that
the proceeds be divided equally among his surviving children. Of the land, he
gave his son George the south one-fourth of Lot 2 Fifth Concession (25 acres),
to Andrew he gave the remaining three-fourths, (75 acres), and the homestead
farm, being Lot 3 Fifth Concession went to his daughter Elizabeth.
George and Mary Ann's children were:
Jacob Slough 1804-? m. Elizabeth Disher
George Slough 1807-1891 m. Dorothy Terryberry
Catherine Slough 1808-1877 m. Peter Beckett
Mary Slough 1810-? m. Philip Bowman
Michael Slough 1816-1896 m. Elizabeth Nunn
John Slough 1815-1896 m. Eunice Nunn
Phoebe Slough 1817-1896 m. John Terryberry
Julianna Slough 1819-1863 m. John Stirtsinger
Andrew Slough 1821-1895 m. Elizabeth VanAlstine
Elizabeth Slough 1823-? m. John Carrier
Philip Slough 1824-1846
Susannah Slough 1825-1850 m. John Haney
Note that brother and sister George and Phoebe Slough married sister and
brother, Dorothy and John Terryberry. Also that two Slough brothers married two
Nunn sisters. This practice is noted in many of the family histories of the early years on the frontier. These people lived on small farms hacked out of the wilderness, with communication and transportation being very limited. As the children grew into adulthood it was a very practical move for a young man to "marry the girl on the next farm."
George Slough (1807-1891)
Dorothy Terryberry (1813-1895)
George Slough and Dorothy Terryberry, daughter of Samuel Terryberry and
Catherine Moore, were married in Pelham May 31, 1830 per marriage certificate.
Witnesses were Lawrence Moore and John Terryberry.
The family appears in the 1851 census of Pelham, with George as a farmer. In the 1861 census, he appears as blacksmith.
George died in 1891, and Dorothy in 1895. Both are buried in Hansler's Cemetary in Pelham Township.
A letter from an unknown writer dated 1843 describes George Slough's farm is a rather amusing
The black squirrel is esteemed as a delicacy -- we have once
partaken of it in the form of soup and liked it very well.
I am sorry to say that the store is so unproductive a concern, that I am afraid I must
give it up. We can get scarce any money, so that rather than do no business at
all, I have been taking in butter and eggs, and have now such a quantity of the
latter that I really know not how I shall dispose of them, but must endeavor to
do so at St. Catharines, although they are an awkward commodity to transport
now that we have lost our snow roads.
We have had an estate for sale belonging to George Slough. His family consists of six unmarried daughters. I am not in a position to purchase it myself. It is a lot I once mentioned to thee before, situated in the Short Hills, within sights of Brewster's house.
This house altho small, I suppose we might manage to live in it -- there is also a barn, and a large blacksmith's shop in the valley, which might be made available as a mill. There are 22 acres of land, 12 of which are level enough to plow, the remainder romantic hills. There is a beautiful stream of water, but no dam erected, a fall of 15 feet may be obtained.
George Slough says that he asks $600, but will take less. Whether we shall ever get it I
cannot tell, but it seems an eligible spot, as 12 acres of land under tillage would more than supply all our needs.
As this is an expose of family matters, I should wish it not to be circulated, but if Sam'l Gurry should ask you if you know of an object of charity, do not scruple to mention my name, as we are all rather partial to the Slough property.
Enough said on that anecdote.
George and Dorothy had eleven children:
Mary Slough 1831-1899 m. William Clark
Sarah Slough 1833-1856 m. Henry Hansler
Dorothy Slough 1835-1905 m. James Tice
Phoebe Dlough 1837-1895 m. James Depotty
Elizabeth Slough 1839-1927 m. Reuben Lindsay
Caroline Slough 1842-1934 m. Eli Singer
Margaret Slough 1844-1927 m. George Slough
John Slough 1847-1891 m. Elizabeth Jenkins
Melissa Slough 1850-1930 m. Joseph Depotty
George Slough 1853-1929 m. Velma Hansler
Matilda Slough 1855-? m. William Anderson
Caroline Slough (1842-1934)
Information on this family will be found in the SINGER chapter of this history.
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[Footnote 1] Hans did exist; it is his family that is in
question. Hans came to America as one of a group of Palatines with their
families, about ninety in number. They were aboard the ship James
Goodwill, David Crockett, Master, which sailed from Rotterdam via Deal,
whence she sailed June 15th 1728, arriving in Philadelphia September 11, 1728.
The passenger list includes Hans Jacob Schlauch.[Return to narrative]
[Footnote 2] "Genealogies of Pennsylvania Families", Vol.
1, Genealogical Publishing Co., 1982, pages 866-874.[Return to narrative]
[Footnote 3] Records of Pastoral Acts, Trinity
Evangelical Lutheran Church, New Holland, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
[Return to narrative]