Praxis Inquiry
Questions, Comments & References
1. Action Oriented Research: Grounded Theory and Grounded Action
2. Grounded Introspection and Grounded Protocols
3. Technology and Learning: A Planning Outline for Secondary Schools
4. The Path: An Embedded Curriculum
5. Literacy in Secondary Schools
6. Definitions & Biographies
Questions, Comments & References

Editor-in-Chief: PM Toscano.


Please e-mail us your comments, suggestions, educational arguments, and anything that may be applicable to the content on this site. All articles written by the editors. References for all articles are listed below.


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Links to some websites containing education journals:

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Adler, Alfred (1936). On the interpretation of dreams. International Journal of Individual Psychology, vol. 2, no.1, pages 3-16.

Anderson, Gary L. & Monter-Sieburth, Martha. (1998). Educational qualitative research in Latin America: The struggle for a new paradigm. New York, NY: Garland Publishing

Anderson, R. & Freebody, P. (1981). Vocabulary knowledge. In Guthrie, Comprehension and Teaching: Research Reviews, John T. Guthrie (Ed.). Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

Anderson, R.C. & Pearson, P.D. (1984). A schema-theoretic view of basic processes in reading comprehension. In P.D. Pearson (Ed.), Handbook of reading research. White Plains, New York: Longman.

Brody, Philip J. (1995). Technology Planning and Management Book. Englewood Cliff, NJ: Educational Technology Publications.

Burns, Anne. (1999). Collaborative action research for English language teachers. Melbourne, Australia: Cambridge University Press.

Capper P.H., Bullard T., Hill R.M., Hawes K and Wilson K (1995, November) The Hunting of the Skills . Paper delivered to the Australia and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference , Townsville, Australia.

Carpenter, P. & Just, M. (1987). Vocabulary acquisition. In M.A. Just & P.A. Carpenter, The psychology of reading and language comprehension. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.

Carroll, Stephen J. Krop, Cathy Arkes, Jeremy Morrison, Peter A. and Flanagan, Ann (2004). California’s K-12 public schools: How are they doing? Santa Monica, CA: Rand Publications.

Ely, D. P. & Plomp, T. (2001). Classic writings on instructional technology: Volume 2. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, Inc.

Gardner, Howard (1991). The unschooled mind. New York, N.Y.: Basic Books.

Gardner, Howard (1999). Intelligence reframed. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Garner, Ruth (1987). Metacognition and executive control. New York, NY: Ablex Publishing Company.

Glaser, B. (1978). Theoretical Sensitivity. Mill Valley, CA: Sociology Press.

Glaser, Barney G. & Strauss, Anselm L. (1965). Awareness of dying. Chicago, IL: Aldine.

Glaser, Barney G. & Strauss, Anselm L. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory. New York, NY: Aldine de Gruyner.

Glaser, Barney G. & Strauss, Anselm L. (1970). Anguish: a case history of a dying trajectory. Mill Valley, CA: Sociology Press.

Glaser, Barney G. and Strauss, Anselm L. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine De Gruyter.

Hall, White, & Guthrie (1992). Skilled reading and language development, In J. Orasanu, Reading comprehension, Chapter 6. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates, Inc.

Halsey, A.H. (1972). Educational priority volume 1: Educational priority area problems and policies. London, England: HMSO.

Jensen, E. (2000). Different brains, different learners: How to reach the hard to reach. San Diego, CA: The Brain Store, Inc.

Jonassen, D. H. (1999). Computers in the classroom: Mindtools for critical thinking (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Jonassen, D.H. (1991). Objectivism vs. constructivism: Do we need a new paradigm? Educational Technology Research and Development 39(3): 5-14.

Kliebard, Herbert (1986). The Struggle for the American Curriculum: 1893-1958. Boston, MA: Routledge & Kegan, Paul.

Ledford, B. & Sleeman, P. (2002). Instructional design: System strategies. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Lee, James, Michael (1963). Principles and Methods of Secondary Education. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Maslow, A. (1943). A theory of human motivation, Psychological Review, vol. 50, 1943, 370-96.96.

Mayer, Richard E. (2003). Theories of learning and the applications to technology. From: O’neil, H & Perez, R. (2003). Technology applications in education: A learning view. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.

McKernan, James. (1998). Curriculum action research: Handbook of methods and resources for the reflective practitioner. London, England: Kogan Page, Ltd.

McNeil, J.D. (1992).  Teaching vocabulary from an interactive view of reading. In J. Orasanu, Reading Comprehension, Chapter 7. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates, Inc.

Morris, Kimberlynne (2000). Fitting in: A game of life and how it is played: The application of grounded theory and action research in the classroom. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Fielding Graduate University, Santa Barbara, CA. 

Neisser, U. (1995). Intelligence: Knowns and unknowns. Report of a task force established by the Board of Scientific Affairs of the American Psychological Association.

Orasanu, J. & Penney, M. (1992). Introduction: Comprehension theory and how it grew. Reading comprehension, Introduction. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates, Inc.

Pearson, D.P. & Stephens, D. (1992). Learning about literacy: A 30-Year Journey. From C. Gordon, G.D. Labercane, & W. R. McEachern (Eds.), Elementary reading instruction: Process and practice. New York, NY: Ginn Press.

Raffanti, M. (2005). Weathering change. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Fielding Graduate University, Santa Barbara, CA). 

Ravitch, Diane (2000). Left Back: A Century of Failed School Reforms. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.


Reigeluth, C. (1987). Instructional theories in action: Lessons illustrating selected theories and models. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.Tomei,

Reiser, Robert A. (2001). A history of instructional design and technology: Part II: A history of instructional design. Educational Technology, Research and Development. Washington: Vol. 49, Iss. 2; pg. 57.

Roblyer, M. D. &  Edwards, J. (2000). Integrating educational technology into teaching (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall.

Rosas, Lesvia Olivia. (1997). Using participatory action research for the reconceptualization of educational practice. Washington, DC: Fulmer Press.

Ruddell, R. & Speaker, R.B. The interactive reading process: A model. In Singer & Ruddell, Theoretical models, (3rd Ed.). Newark, DE: Reading Association.

Ruddell, R. (April, 1986). Vocabulary learning: A process model and criteria for evaluation of instructional strategies. Journal of Reading. (Special Issue on Vocabulary), v. 29 (7), 581-587.

Saettler, Paul (1968). A history of instructional technology. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Schilpp, Paul Arthur ed., (1934). The Philosophy of John Dewey, 1st ed. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University, p. 419.

Silber, K. (1965) Pestalozzi.: The man and his work 2e, London, England: Routledge and Kegan Paul

Simmons, Odis E. & Gregory, Toni A. (2003, September) Grounded Action: Achieving Optimal and Sustainable Change [51 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung Forum: Qualitative Social Research [On-line Journal], 4(3), Art 27. Available at: Republished (2004, November) in The Grounded Theory Review: An International Journal, 4, 1 and (2005, March) in Historical Social Research/HistoriceSozialforschung(HSR:

Simmons, Odis, E. (1994). ["Grounded Therapy," in Barney G. Glaser (ed.), More Grounded Theory Methodology: A Reader, Sociology Press, 1994.]

Simmons, Odis, E. (1995). Using grounded theory in the managing diversity context. Published in the Proceedings of the 1995 Global Conference on Managing Diversity. American Institute for Managing Diversity. Atlanta: GA.

Smith, F. (1966).  Understanding reading: A psycholinguistic analysis of reading and learning to read. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers (p.288-300)

Smith, Mortimer (1954). The Diminished Mind: A Study of the Planned Mediocrity in Our Public Schools. Chicago, IL: Regnery.

Sohng, Sung Sil Lee. (1995). Participatory research and community organizing. A working paper presented at The New Social Movement and Community Organizing Conference, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. November 1-3., 1995.

Spinka, Mathew (1943). John Amos Comenius--That Incomparable Moravian. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Sternberg, Robert, J. (1997). What does it mean to be smart? Educational Leadership Magazine Vol. 54, No. 6.

Strauss, Anselm & Corbin, Judith. (1990). Basics of qualitative research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Tienne, D. & Ingram, A. (2000). Exploring current issues in educational technology. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.

Zohar, Danah (1997). Rewiring the corporate brain. San Francisco, CA: Berret-Koehler Publishers, Inc.