We are what we think. All that we are arises with our thoughts.
With our thoughts, We make the world
The essence of life is a circle
The essence of a circle is impermanance
the essence of impermanance is change
The essence of change is Transformation
Thirty-six Song Formula of the Circle Walking Practice
Legacy of Dong Hai Chuan
Hollow the chest, suspend the crown and sink the waist,
Swing the step, join the knees, and grasp the ground firmly.
Sink the shoulders and drop the elbow to extend the forward palm,
The eyes watch between the thumb and the index finger.
First pile up the rear elbow to have the elbow hide the heart,
The hand turns and drops to follow forward.
Follow the anterior elbow with a holding power,
The anterior hand and posterior hand in a group of spirits.
Walk forward with curved steps and straight foot,
Just as in pushing millstones.
Flex the knee, follow the hip, and the waist turns the foot,
Eyes watch three aspects without wobbling the body.
To arrive at the target in a straight motion is not special,
Fluidly circling left and right is preferable.
The left changes to the right and the right changes to the left,
In withdrawing the body and reversing the steps one will find an opening.
Step, then turn with the hands following,
The rear palm penetrates out and the forward palm withdraws.
Going and coming without warning,
Like an arrow shot from a bow.
Move the fingers and the palm forward close to the elbow in penetration,
Posterior shoulder changes to anterior shoulder.
Don’t leave space and don’t hesitate,
To kick the groin with direct accuracy is a primary consideration.
When the chest is kept hollow, the Qi will sink,
Hold up the back and sink the shoulders to extend the arm.
Hold the grain duct while Qi reaches the Dantian area,
The head is slightly erected for brilliant spirit.
Do not sway the body when moving,
All relies upon interchange below the knees.
The low stance is controlloed by lowering the hips and knees,
In the middle stance one should also lower the legs and waist.
Close the lips and mouth with the tongue touching the palate,
All respiration goes through the nose.
When force reaches its peak, release it by speaking "Hun" and "Haa,"
For obtaining a combination of whole unified energy.
Stretch the palm and make the Hokou (Tiger’s mouth) round,
With middle finger and ring finger apart.
First poke and then strike with the wrist bone,
Relax the shoulders and lengthen the waist to penetrate with the steps.
Advance with the knees close and retreat with the knees open,
When changing the palms and steps, lower the body.
Advance or retreat in accordance with the circumstance,
Skillfully arrange the position of the waist and legs.
This palm is quite different from others,
There are skills in advancing steps and lifting the foot.
First move the rear foot in retreat,
Step apart from the center when moving to the side.
This palm is quite different from others,
The hand moves after the shoulder attacks.
First move backward before extension,
Inhaling completely before exhaling, power will be abundant.
This palm is quite different from others,
Force is mutually connected between anterior palm and posterior palm.
First move the root when planning to use the tip,
No techniques can be overlooked.
This palm is quite different from others,
First feint to the east before attacking to the west.
Know how to point to the upper and strike the lower,
Great skill is to roll pearls upward.
Those with natural proficient skill still fear the three penetrations,
Not moving to the outside is a waste of time.
He walks outside and I walk inside,
It’s not difficult to attack with the extending hand.
It is not skill to use the palm in only one way,
At least be proficient in four ways.
One crossing and one straight form triangle hands,
It’s like embracing a person in my bosom.
Attack a tall person low and a short person high,
If angling the body and changing steps one can stay calm.
Waist force is required in oblique turning and reverse turning,
Firm force is like steel when rotation reaches its utmost.
It’s said that the palm method wins from its firmness,
Master Guo used to mention gentleness is hidden inside.
It’s secret has been known by some people,
Combination of firmness and gentleness is its advantage.
Firmness appears first with gentleness hidden inside,
Gentleness comes first with firmness followed.
When he moves his waist and hands by gentleness,
I would suck in with the waist and move stable steps.
When in the extreme, the body must turn,
Get myself free and move my shadow without leaving a trace.
Deception is carried out in footwork,
The waist must extend first in advance and retreat.
The spirit in turning the palm is transmitted from the neck bone,
The hand moves before turning the neck.
Extend the neck for releasing power and pull it down for changes,
Like a spiritual dragon linking its head and tail together.
When striking the opponent with the hand the shoulder is its root,
It is not possible to extend the tip if the arm movement is not from the shoulder.
Advance the forward foot when the enemy wants to advance,
It is futile to advance the back foot.
Strong force is released from the tendons and bones,
Firmness from the bones is channeled by the tendons.
The big tendon of the heel connects with the spine and head,
Extend the power by using the follow step.
The eyes reach simultaneously with the hand, waist and leg,
Supported by real heart, real spirit and real force.
Combination of three reals and four reaches,
Enough to defend self and defeat others.
Force should be both hard and soft,
Overemphasis on either firmness or gentleness leads to imbalance.
It is true that overly firm objects are easily broken,
Things that are too soft have no power.
We are speaking of hard and soft in balance,
It is not difficult to have mutual dependence between firmness and gentleness.
Gentleness and firmness should be used with the Qian and Kun hands,
To lift heaven and open the ground like the endless surging of waves in the sea.
It is right method that I am in gentleness and he is in firmness,
It is also a good method that I am in firmness and he is in gentleness.
When firmness and gentleness meet, victory is decided through superior body method,
Strict footwork can solve the dispute.
First lift the waist in movement of footwork,
Mystery would appear in proper retraction.
If the waist doesn’t move when the foot needs to move,
Opportunity would be lost by staggered steps.
Don’t overextend the steps in turning the body and changing gestures,
Don’t be flustered while sweeping ground to move.
Perceiving invading strikes, only extend an arm,
Steady, softly and firmly as a smart girl threading a needle.
No need to worry when he takes a sharp weapon,
Attacking with his sword toward my body from far away.
Escape by voicing "Hun" and "Haa" after spotting his strokes,
It is an excellent phrase that "evil can never triumph over righteousness."
Defense in close combat seems difficult,
Especially when a sharp fish intestine sword is present.
Which is easy to draw like taking an object from a pocket,
Mystery is hidden while pointing at the mountain for making a millstone.
It is difficult to resist the force of many attackers single handed,
But to offset a thousand pound force with skill is not a bother.
Finger force can be used instead of the whole hand,
Even a strong ox fears the bow turning power.
If extending the hand forward without seeing the palm,
Without oilish pine tree shining his body.
Focus the eyes widely and stare carefully,
Play lower postures for securing miracles.
In icy weather, snowy ground and slippery, rainy days,
Carefully step the forward foot flat in kou bu as always.
It is highly prohibited to pivot the foot on the ground,
This is the best method to avoid stumbling in uneven terrain.
It is important to have spirit in application,
Brilliant spirit enables the ears and eyes to be more intensified.
Even if his hands fly like a sparrow,
I can sense ants and bugs singing like roaring from tiger and dragon.
Forty-eight Song formula of fighting methods
1. Shen Fa -- The Body Method:
The body is like a swimming dragon, a wild goose soaring in the air. Zigzagging, curved and straight,
it moves like a snake. Overturn, roll, revolve and turn are dominated by the waist. Move to the
corners and side-to-side, advance and retreat, talking and laughing in the center.
2. Mu Ce - Range Estimation:
To resist the enemy when you cross hands, you must first estimate the range. If there is no
movement, gaze at the man's shoulder. Calmly and carefully examine his posture. Seek out the way
to go. Reconnoitre and reflect. Only the eyes look forward.
3. Yanming - Sharp Eyes:
The heart's emotions are reflected in the eyes like a mirror. See the situation create the emotion, then
the posture responds. If you are very fearful and the mind is confused, your eyes will not follow. The
hands will be occupied, the feet confused, and you will lose your cleverness
4. Xianxing - In Advance:
The eyes first seek out the enemy's condition. The four sides and eight directions need to be
observed clearly. Allow your movement to change irregularly many times. What enters my eye, I instantly understand.
5. Shen Shi - Careful Posture:
The eyes watch the four directions, form and posture are understood. The ears hear in eight directions, movement and stillness
are known. The feet tread the eight trigrams, walk the complete circle. Look ahead and behind, capture the enemy's emotion.
6. Bu Fa - Stepping Method:
If you wish to move the extrmeities, the root must move first. Quick hands are inferior to agile stepping. Turning, moving,
entering, yeilding only require half a step. The outer boundary is peaceful,the whole form changes.
7. Ta Zong Men - Tread the Center Gate:
Stride forward like a tiger and with the aspect of a hero. Advance and retreat, look around, look for the enemy's trace.
The feet tread the center gate and interlink with the enemy's path. The enemy has to defend against strikes to the center.
8. Xie Chu Cheng Ru - Diagonal Leaving, Straight Entering:
With footsteps firm and stable, seek adroit movement. By advancing, retreating, turning, and shifting,
seek out the enemy's path. Walking follows the triangle. The toes grip the ground. Diagonal leaving, straight entering,
is wonderful and unlimited.
9. Xu Jin - Continuous Advancing:
Develop an offensive posture, the enemy can not move back. Continue advancing with strikes that
are difficult to evade. Step and advance the body, then step to the front. The hands, feet, and body must be one and arrive
10. Lian Zhui - Continuous Chasing:
I advance. If the enemy retreats, I must follow. One step or two steps, I am continuously stepping to follow. Closely
press the enemy so there is no way for him to flee. Continuously advance, victory comes in one step.
11. Xu shi - Empty and Full:
For agile movement in the legs, empty and full need to be understood If you relax the rules then you will be double weighted
and sluggish. With changing movements and turning movements the empty foot is agile. With the weight in the full foot, steadiness
12. Jin-tui - Advance and Retreat:
The enemy retreats, I advance with my front foot first. The enemy advances, I retreat by moving with my rear foot. The
stepping method of advancing and retreating must be agile, Turning, changing, and transforming in accordance with the enemy's
13. Zhang Fa - Palm Method:
In attack and defence, both palms must be lively. The rear palm goes out and the front palm returns. The tiger's mouth
and ox's tongue work together: "Follow the curve to arrive at the straight", understand the body's peril.
14. Gong Fang Xiang Ji - Mutual Attack and Defence:
In mutual attack and defence you must remember firmness. My hand goes out, and defends against the man's strike. Advance
to attack, defend and ward-off, turn and transform quickly. When you can attack and be successful in defence, your skill starts
to become high.
15. Gong Fang Huying - Attack and Defence Working Together:
The hands, going out and blocking, have to work together. Issuing is not correct and yet it is not presumptuous to issue.
The postures of attack and defence change many times. Issuing is not the main thing. You must defend against the opponent's
16. Zhao Fa - Technique Method:
The front arm reaches straight, forming the tiger's mouth. The rear arm hides the ox tongue.
Swallowing and spitting, opening and closing, flow with the enemy's emotion. Work together with change, close the enemy's
17. Fa Jing - Issuing Energy:
Store up energy till plentiful, like a bent bow. Issue energy like an arrow, swiftly away from the
bowstring. With a single purpose, in one direction, strength issues from the back. Have a sunk
appearance, be relaxed completely, qi ought to be first.
18. Yin Shi Li Dao - Adroitly Guiding Action According to Circumstances:
If he is high, strike him low. If he is low, strike him high. With a fat man, strike at him from either
corner. If you meet someone long and thin, press toward the inside. The old man cannot move to block.
19. Jie Zhao - Make Contact and Gesture:
The enemy man comes gesturing. Don't block or frame him. Flow with his incoming posture only once. Moving or still, quick
or slow, you must close and slap. Follow curve, move toward the straight, multiply his defects.
20. Jie Na - Explaining Seizing:
Qin Na must use a double hand motion. Both hands seize, oneself is empty. No matter what, Qin Na flows with his motion.
Pierce the nose or jab the eyeballs and the enemy's posture relaxes.
21. Jie Na - Explaining Seizing:
He seizes me and the flowing posture moves. The flowing posture moves and the seized posture is
empty. Even if his Qin Na is very adroit, My movement follows the man and the seize has no skill.
22. Bu Zhong Qin Na - Do Not Stress Seizing:
The Bagua palm method does not stress seizing. If both your hands, seize you suffer a setback. You are only seizing the
man and it is not like striking. Depress and bend the man over, many changes are not advisable.
23. Feng Bi - Seal and Close:
The issuing hand flows and follows the enemy's intention to move. To seal and close the enemy I need a lot of skill. If
I can seal firmly the posture of the enemy, Victory employs having my hand in the center.
24. Feng Bi - Seal and Close:
Perhaps he has weapons in both hands and is quick like the wind. With one coming and one going, he displays remarkable
skill. Close his left hand then his right hand is not used. Both hands coming at the same time is emptyness.
25. Huan Zhao - Returning Techniques:
Sealing and closing strongly is a technique for 'defending the body'. Vigorously seal the man's techniques and do a technique
in return. Stick continuously, following and leading the enemy's techniques. Be neither too close nor too far, flow with the
26. Yi Gao Yi Zhao - High Skill of One Move:
The strong are victorious over the weak, and their strength shows off their ability. The quick strike the slow, and their
skill is in their speed. In these cases the High Skill of One Move is very much needed. Bind their hands and bind their feet
to control them.
27. Rangkai Gong Shi - Defend by Getting Out of the Way:
If the other party has the strength of 1000 pounds, issue quickly. If his incoming posture is as violent as a mountain
slide, Get out of the way and attack, take advantage of his gaps. Be decisive and mobile, swiftly do a technique in return.
28. Xie Shan - Diagonal Dodging:
The enemy comes in straight and quick like an arrow. First issue to control the his brave and fierce posture. Only meet
this emotion, it is not appropriate to retreat. Diagonally moving, dodge and yeild like a spirit.
29. Bu Lan Bu Jia - Don't Block, Don't Frame:
Even when the enemy's posture is ruthless, you have no fear. He strikes at you and you defend against him. Toe out on
the diagonal, the way is close. Don't block, don't frame, only once.
30. You Di - Lead the Enemy:
When the enemy doesn't attack, I use motion to draw him out. When his attack comes, I walk to the empty space. I do not
rely on hand methods, I rely on stepping methods. Enticed to advance, he falls into air and is subject to my control.
31. Hua Jie - Transformation Understood:
Vertical can understand horizontal, horizontal understands vertical. When a split comes from an oblique angle, I split
him. When a leg comes, if the leg is understood, you understand and then attack. The hands and legs go out and steps turn
32. Yuan Xing Hua Jie - Circular Transformation Understood:
He surrounds me and I surround him. With circular turning and walking he can onlyt attack air. Surround, surround one
posture, the trail is not fixed. Completely rely on the stepping method and powerful walking.
33. Xie Zheng Huan Hua - Diagonal and True Transformed:
There is straightness within diagonal and diagonalness within straight. The diagonal/true transformation truly is wonderful.
When you meet a strong enemy, a strong attack is demanded. Hide suprises within suprises, and the enemy falls into a trap.
34. Zhi Ren - Control the Man:
To control a man, one ought to pierce up towards his eyes. If both eyes suffer damage, then the enemy will be in a bind.
The importance of the damage suffered, though small in degree, is not understood. A poke in the eyes is a victory of 1,000
35. Dong Jie - Movement Understood:
Use stillness to control motion, leasurely await the work. Use motion to control stillness, rely on skill.
The man doesn't know me, but I know the man. Meet strength with wisdom, seek the weak with flaunting techniques.
36. Kai He - Open and CLose:
If you desire to close, the correct form is to open first. Observe that open defends, and closed can know the power. Open
is in the center of closed and closed is in the center of open. They can meet at the origin and instantly know minutia.
37. Qu Shou You Zhun - The Outgoing Hand Is the Standard:
It does not matter if he has 1,000 techniques and quickness in 1,000 things; If he is not able to be
centered, his effort are in vain. Not stopping is important and not sending out hand. The outgoing hand must instantly
be in the enemy's center.
38. Shulian: Skilled/practiced/proficient:
Attack and defend, advance and retreat, because the postures are different. 100 refinements make steel, bitter practice
makes you complete. First aim towards being firm and solid, seek to be level and straight. Spiritual wonder is transformed,
skill is created in the center.
39. Lingmin - Sensitive/keen/agile/acute:
If the mind is sensitive, its tranformations are inexhaustable. If the eyes are sharp, they can make out
the enemy's emotion. If the stepping is agile, the mechanical power is adaptable. If the hand is keen, controling the
enemy is the standard.
40. Tu Na - Giving and Receiving:
Inhaling and exhaling, giving and receiving, are controlled from the nose. First it flows throught the Du Mai. Then continues
to the Ren Mai to complete the cycle. Qi moves through the body, the will directs its motion.
41. Lizheng Zhudong - Work Hard for the Initiative:
When fighting, you must be able to endure the enemy's atttack. First seek to be invincible, then
return the attack. If the posture and surroundings are inferior, toe out and escape. The center having moved, strive for
42. Ceshen - On Ones Side:
In the Snake Form Palm, the posture the body overturns to the side. The body must have a twisting movement to use the
Snake Form. Both arms go out straight to protect the skull. Expanding and contracting, turning sideways, Snake Spits out its
43. Niu Yao - Twist the Waist:
When the enemy attacks, I stick to his body. My hands and feet return to defend and transform him. Turning and revolving,
left and right, the waist twists and turns. Take a turn for the better and be out of danger; defeat demands victory.
44. Dang Ji Ji Fa - Prompt Issuing:
The mind takes charge of life, the eyes gaze. The hands and feet coordinate for carefull attack and defence. Search for
the man's gaps, strive for motion. Issue promptly, don't hesitate.
45. Bi Shi Ji Xu - Avoid the Enemy's Strength, Strike at his Weakness:
When the enemy punches at your face, Take the lower way and instantly open up. Take him by suprise, unprepared for the
attack. Avoid his strength and attack his weak points, victory comes.
46. Ji Ting - Avoid Stopping:
The chaotic original one qi walks heaven's limits. Walking, but not walking too far, the feet change and transform. Bagua's
functional movement consists of the walking movements. Standing fixed when convenient becomes fallen flowers.
47. Luo Kong Bu Wen - Fall into Emptyness No Disorder:
Stepping must be lively and the gestures must be accurate. Then, to use 'Falling into Emptiness', the mind must not be
disorderly. Curves interlink with curves and are never used up. When there are circles within circles, transformation is created.
48. Li Yi Wei Xian - Ceremony and Righteousness take Precedence:
Esteem virtue, esteem ceremony, don't esteem strength. Esteem wisdom, esteem righteousness, don't esteem bravery. Esteem
strength, esteem bravery, strength is the core of strength. When your skill is high, then with one touch, your enemy falls
In Martial Arts, techniques come from theory. If the theory is substantial, then skill can advance.
They supplement each other and both can rise high. Constantly improve, have no fixed bounderies.
The Inner Gate leads the way, the teacher transmits the instruction. First, toward the firm and stable,
seek the level and true. The martial sea has roads, diligently use the boat. Spiritual wonder is
transformed and practice is halfway complete.
Advance anterior step first, Retreat posterior step first
They advance forward with a strait step, We advance on an angle with a twisted step, walk with a cross step, turn around
with a reverse step
They display various gestures, we wait to move in stillness
They use fist and kicks, we use penetrating palms and hidden elbows
They use the ends of their limbs, we use the root first to use the ends of limbs
They use various fists, we use the dragon palm
They turn the whole body to face the rear, but with a single step, we can move to deal with the eight directions
They advance straight with an erect body, we strike with our palms and feet follow
Method of mutual advance
When the attack comes, I neutralize it, then strike back simultaneously
Method of stop & intercept
When the attack comes, I intercept and strike simultaneously
Method of melting like a shadow
When the attack comes, I evade and redirect it with footwork
Dragon & Tiger condense around the heart
Create 3 hollows & 3 locks, relax the joints
Water below, fire above
My heart to yours, sincerity
My mind, eyes & heart expresses integrity
Qi Gong Foundation Set
1. Wuji (empty stance)
2. Taiji (Heaven & Earth Qi gong)
3. Sanjiao (Trinity Qi gong)
4. Wu xing (5 Element Qi gong)
5. Bagua (8 trigram Qi gong)
Foundation Palm Set
1. Vertical palm
2. Shaking palm
3. Circular palm
4. Heaven palm
5. Dragon back
6. open the shutter, Look at the moon
7. Whirlwind palms (dragon rolls over, remove the helmet)
8. 3 section dragon back
Eight Powers/Energy Set
1. Hands on the water [snake/water/parry]
2. Hold up the clouds [phoenix/wind/block]
3. Dragon Stance [unicorn/earth/intercept]
5. Pressing palms [bear/mountain/push]
6. Monkey offers fruit [monkey/lake/uphold]
7. Fire & Water [falcon/fire/carry]
8. Dragon rises out of the water[dragon/thunder/lift]
1. Foundation building set
2. Tui shou set
Silk Reeling (Chan si jin)
1. Finger fan
1. Butterfly palm
-follow w/ opposite hand
-join the source points of the wrists
-stretch the fingers
2. Lotus palm
3. Instructors palms
Water Dragon set
1. Opening movement
2. Small Dragon back
3. Large Dragon back
4. Cloud hands
5. Lion rolls ball
6. Large Dragon rolls over
7. Coil/Backward reeling
8. Spiral upward
9. Coil and strike as if polishing a great bowl
10. Small dragon rolls over
11. Coil with elbow
12. Turn to the rear
13. Shake the frame
14. Double circle slap
15. Seal the breath
16. Yin yang palms
17. Coil and shoot to the rear
18. Inspecting the horses mouth
19. Double palm change
20. Small dragon rolls over
21. Knee, fan block
22. Circle and strike (Left hand)
23. Circle and strike to the left (both hands)
24. Backward piercing
25. Bumping strike
26. Shooting palm to removing the helmet
27. Closing movement
Eight Mother palm Set
1. Lion /Heaven Palm
2. Monkey/Lake Palm
3. Falcon/Fire Palm
4. Dragon/Thunder Palm
5. Phoenix/Wind Palm
6. Snake/Water Palm
7. Bear/Mountain Palm
8. Unicorn/Earth Palm