Complied by  Larry "Harris" Taylor, Ph.D.

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RN Bateman & RN Sawyer (2002), Neurological Symptoms Developing During Diving, SPUMS, 32(1), March, 60.

A. Bove (1998), Risk of decompression sickness with patent foramen ovale, Undersea Hyper Med, 25(3), 175-178. 

I. Calder (1978)  "Changes Found In The Central Nervous System From Autopsies On Divers," in Lin & Shida (Ed.) MAN IN THE SEA, Vol. 2, Best Publishing, San Pedro, CA..  163-180. 

M. do Rosario, G. Almeida, G. Bell, & J. Sander, (2007),Epilepsy & Recreational Scuba Diving: An Absolute Contraindication or Can There Be Exceptions? A Call for Discussion. SPUMS, 34 (6), 216-223.

E. Elliot (2015), Atrial septal defect: a coincidental finding on a screening medical, SPUMS, 45(2), 121-123.

J. Francis (1998), Mechanisms Of Spinal Cord Injury In DCI, SPUMS, 28(1), March, 29-41.

P. Germonpre, P. Denale, P. Unger, & C. Balestra, (1998) Patent Foramen Ovale & Decompression Sickness In Sports Divers, J. Appl. Physiol. 84(5), 1622-1626.   

P. Germonpre, F. Hastir, P. Dendale, A.  Marroni, AF.  Nguyen, and C.  Balestra, (2005), Evidence for Increasing Patency of the Foramen Ovale in Divers  Am J Cardiol; 95: 912–915.

P. Glanvill (2001), A Diving Doctor's Experience With DCS and PFO, SPUMS, 31 (4), 195-198.

P. Glanvill (2002), Non-Diving Neurological Problems In A Diver (Letter To Editor) , SPUMS, 32 (2), 195-198.

S. Glen, et. al, (1995), Transcranial Doppler ultrasound in commercial air divers: A field study including cases of right-to-left shunting, Undersea Hyper. Med. 22(2), 129-135.   

A. Hadanny, S. Tail, G Fishlev, Y. Bechor, & S. Efrati (2015), Delayed blood-brain barrier, disruption after shallow-water diving demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging, SPUMS, 45(2), 116-120.

RO  Hopkins & K, Weaver (2002), Acute psychosis associated with diving, Undersea Hyper Med. 28(3), 145-148.

PJ. Hughes (2001), Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion Following Sport Diving, SPUMS, 31, (4), 238-240.

M. Jensen, M. Brant-Zawadzki, N. Obuchowski, M. Modic, D. Malkasian, & J. Ross  (1994), Magnetic Resonance Imaging Of The Lumbar Spine In People Without Back Pain, New England  J Medicine , 331(2); July 14, 69-73. 

M. Knauth, S. Reis, S. Pohimann, T. Kerby, M. Forsting, M. Duffertshofer, M. Hennerici, & K. Sartor  (1997), Cohort Study Of Multiple Brain Lesions, In Sport Divers: Role Of A Patent Foramen Ovale, British Medical Journal, 314 (March 8), 701-705.   

AE Koch, H. Kirsch, M. Reuter, V. Warninghoff, R. Rieckert, & G. Deuschl, (2008), Prevalence of Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) and MRI-lesions in mild neurological Decompression Sickness (Type B-DCS/AGE), HHM, 35(3), 197-205.

J. Kowalski, A. Varn, S. Rottger, S. Seidack, W. Kahler, W-D Gerber, F. Andrasik, & A. Koch, Neuropsychological deficits in scuba divers: An exploratory investigation, UHM, 38(3), May.June, 2011, 197-204.

P. Langton  (1996), Patent Foramen Ovale In Underwater Medicine, SPUMS, 26(3), 196-191.   

M. Larkin,  (2000), Scuba Diving Done Properly Poses No Risk To Brain. Lancet, 396, 20073.   

E. Martinez-Quintana, S. Gopar-Gopar, & F. Rodriguez-Gonzalez (2015), Diving and percutaneous closure of persistent (patent) foraamen ovale, SPUMS, 45(2), 126-128.

S. Mitchell & D, Doolette (2015), Pathophysiology of inner ear decompression sickness: potential role pf the persistent forman ovale, SPUMS, 45(2), 105-110.

R. Moon & J. Kisslo (1998), PFO and Decompression Illness: An Update, SPUMS, 28(3), 158-163. 

A. Newberg & A. Alavi,  (1996), The Study Of The Brain Using PET and SPECT: Implications For Space And Underwarer Neurology, J. Neurological Sciences, 136, 1-9.   

HB. Newton, W. Padilla, J. Burkart, DK. Pearl, (2007), Neurological manifestations of decompression illness in recreational divers-the Couzumel experience, UHM, 34(5), 349-357.

A. Palmer, I. Calder,  & J. Hughes (1987), Spinal Cord Degeneration In Divers, Lancet, December 12, 1365-1366. 

A. Palmer, J. Calder, & P. Yates (1992), Cerebral Vasculopathy In Divers, Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology, 18, 113-124.   

A. Pearman, L. Bugeja, M. Nelson, G. Szantho, &M. Turner, (2015), An audit of persistent forman ovale closure in 105 divers, SPUMS, 45(2), 94-97.

P. Polkinghorne, K. Sehmi, M. Cross, D. Minassian, & A, Bird (1988), Ocular Fundus Lesions In Divers, Lancet, December 12, 1381-1383. 

J. Reul, J. Weis, A. Jung, K. Willimes & A. Thorn (1995), Central Nervous System Lesions And Cervical Herniations In Amateur Divers, Lancet, 345 (June 3), 1403-1405. 

S. Ries, M. Knauth, R. Kern, C. Klingemann, M. Daffertshofer, K. Sartor, & M. Hennerici (1999), Arterial Gas Embolism After Decompression: Correlation With Right to Left Shunting, Neurology, 52, 401-404. 

R. Roos, ((1989), Are The Risks Of Sport Scuba Diving Being Underestimated? Physician & Sports Med. 17(7), 132-142. 

N. Schellart & D. Retis (1999),  Is Magnetoencephalography Applicable In Clinical Neurophysiology Of Diving? SPUMS, 29(3), 156-158. 

S. Sipinen, J. Ahopuo, & J, Halonen (1999),  Electroencepalography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging After Diving and Decompression Incidents: A Controlled Study, Undersea Hperbar. Med. 26(2), 61-65.   

D. Smart, S. Mitchell, P. Wilmshurst, M. Turner, & N. Banham (2015), Joint position statement on persistent foramen ovale (PFO) and diving, SPUMS, 45(2), 129-131.

A. Sutherland, A. Veale, & D. Gorman (1993), Neurological Problems In 25 Recreational Divers One Year After Treatment For Decompression Illness, SPUMS, 23(1, Jan/Mar), 7-11.   

SR. Torti, M. Billinger, M. Schwertzmann, R. Vogel, G. Zbinden, S. Windecker, & C. Setier,  Risk of decompression illness among 230 divers in relation to the presence and size of patent foramen ovale, (2004), Eur. Heart J. 25(7),1014-1020.

K. Todnem, H. Nyland, H. Skeidsvoll, R. Scihus, P. Rinck, B. Kambestad, T. Riise, & J. Aarli (1991), Neurological Long Term Consequences Of Deep Diving, British Medical Journal, 48, 258-266.   

M. Turner, (2015), Assessing potential divers with a history of congenital heart disease, SPUMS, 45(2), 111-115.

R. Vaernes & S. Eidsvik (1982), Central Nervous Dysfunctions After Near-Miss Accidents In Diving, Aviation, Space & Environmental Medicine, August, 803-807.   

C. vanWijk (2002), Comparing Personality Traits Of Navy Divers, Navy Non-Divers And Civilian Sport Divers, SPUMS,32(1), March, 2-8.

P. Warren, W. Djang, R, Moon, E. Camporesi, D. Sallee, D. Anthony, E. Massey, P. Burger & E. Heinz (1988), Neuroimaging Of Scuba Diving Injuries To The CNS, AJR, 151 (November), 1003-1007. 

P. Wilmshurst, (1997), Brain Damage In Divers (Letter To Editor), BMJ (March 8), 689-690.   

P. Wilmshurst, (2015), The role of persistent forman ovale and other shunts in decompression illness, SPUMS, 45(2), 98-104.

P. Wilmshurst, (1997), Patent Foramen Ovale & Decompression Illness, SPUMS, 27(2), 82-83. (Letters to Ed (Langdon & Bove) follow-up on 83-84).   

 P. Wilmshurst, W. Morrison, J.  Pearson, K. Walsh, M. Pearson, & S. Nightingale, (2015), Comparison of the size of persistent foramen ovale and atrial septal defects in divers with shunt-related decompression illness and in the general population, SPUMS, 45(2), 89-93..

P. Wilmshurst & S. Nightingale, (2001), Relationship between migraine and cardiac and pulmonary right-to-left shunts, Clinical Science, 100, 215-220.

P. Wilmshurst, MJ.  Pearson, KP. Walsh, WL. Morrison, & P. Bryson (2001), Relationship between right-to-left shunts and cutaneous decompression illness, Clinical Science, 100, 539-542.

P. Wilmshurst, C. Davidson, G. O 'Connell  C. Byrne (1994), Role of  cardiorespiratory abnormalities, smoking and dive characteristics in the manifestations of neurological decompression illness, Clinical Science, 86,  297-303   

C. Wilson & M. Sayer (2015), Cerebral arterial gas embolism in a professional diver with a persistent forman ovale, SPUMS, 45(2), 124-126.

BJ. Zink (2001), Traumatic brain injury: Concepts for emergency care, Annuals for emergency care, Annuals of Emergency Care, 37(3), 318-332. 


----- (1995) Brain Lesions… New Threat To Divers Or False Alarm?  Undercurrent, July, 11. 

----- (1995) DAN Responds To Lancet Article About Long Term Consequences Of Diving, Undersea Journal, Fourth Quarter, 69. 

F. Bove (1995), Diving Medicine: The New Controversy Over Silent Bubbles, Skin Diver, October, 28, 145. 

Davidson, B. (1997) “Brain Lesions: A Hidden Heart Defect Raises The Risks,” In Depth, 12(5), May, 14-15. 

A. Bryske (1995), On My Mind: Recent Reports Of Brain Lesions Among Sport Divers Are The Result Of Poor Science & Bad Reporting, September, 59-60. 

D. Gorman (1997),  "Patent Foramen Ovale, Other Circulatory Defects, Silent Brain Injuries and Scuba Divers," Undersea Journal, Third Quarter, 1997, 14-16. 

B. Krooss (2001), Diving With A Broken Heart, Immersed, Spring, 2001, 32-38. 

S. Shelanski (1997), Brain Damage In Divers?  Scuba Diving, June, 95-96. 

S. Shelanski (1995), Silent Bubbles, Silent Damage? Scuba Diving, January, 95-96. 

E. Smith  (1985), Deep Sea Diving May Cause Loss Of Memory, New Scientist, January 17, 8. 

J.Q. (1995) Crazy About Diving, In Depth, July, 15-16.   


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