Problem 15

In corn plants, a dominant allele I inhibits kernel color, while the recessive allele i permits color when homozygous. At a different locus, the dominant gene P causes purple kernel color, while the homozygous recessive genotype pp causes red kernels. If plants heterozygous at both loci are crossed, what will be the phenotypic ratio of the F1 generation?

Phenotypic ratios:
White (I _ _ _) = 12

Purple (i i P_ ) = 3

Red ( i i p p) = 1

The dominant allele I is epistatic to the p locus, and thus the F1 generation will be:

9 I_P_ : colorless

3 I_pp : colorless

3 i iP_ : purple

1 i i pp: red