RESOURCES ON IMAGE AND LIBRARIANS

Our Resources List is a selected bibliography of books and journal articles (annotated whenever possible) and any relevant websites we could discover. To match a citation found in the text of these webpages, first go to the section corresponding to the page on which it was cited.

  • History of Librarians
  • Stereotypic Images
  • Professional Status and Image
  • Changing Technology

  • History of Librarians

    Books

    Books & Journals


    Bobinski, George S.  Carnegie Libraries: Their History and Impact on
    American Public Library Development.  Chicago: American Library Association, 1969.  
    
    Bramley, Gerald.  A History of Library Education.  Hamden, CT: Archon
    Books, 1969. 
    
    Dickson, Paul.  The Library in America: A Celebration in Words and
    Pictures.  New York: Facts on File, 1986.  
    
    Duchein, Michel.  The History of European Archives and the Development of
    the Archival Profession in Europe.  American Archivist.  Vol. 55, Winter 1992, 
    pp.14-25.  
    
    Garrison, Dee.  Apostles of Culture: The Public Library and American
    Society, 1876-1920.  New York: 	Free Press, 1979.   
    
    Grotzinger, Laurel,  Carmichael, James Jr., and Maack, Mary Niles.
    Women's Work: Vision and Change in Librarianship.  Champaign,IL:
    Occasional Papers, Graduate School of Library and Information
    Science of the University  of  Illinois, 1994.   
    
    Harris, Michael and Davis, Donald, Jr.  American Library History: A
    Bibliography.  Austin: University of Texas Press, 1978.  
    
    Harris and Johnson, Elmer.  History of Libraries in the Western
    World.   rev. ed.  Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1984.  
    
    Jackson, Sidney.  Libraries and Librarianship in the West: A Brief
    History.   New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974.   
    
    Johnson, Elmer.  A History of Libraries in the Western World.  New York:
    Scarecrow Press, 1965.  
    
    Lilley, Dorothy and Trice, Ronald.  A History of Information Science,
    1945-1985.  New York: Academic Press, 1989.   
    
    Passet, Joanne.  Men in a Feminized Profession: the Male Librarian,
    1887-1921.  Libraries & Culture. Vol. 28 , Fall 1993, pp.385-402.  
    
    Shera, Jesse.  The Foundations of Education for Librarianship.  New York:
    Becker and Hayes, 1972.   
    
    Smith, Elizabeth.  On the Shoulders of Giants: From Boole to Shannon to
    Taube.  Information Technology and Libraries.  Vol. 12 No. 2, June 1993.
    pp. 217-227.   
    
    Smith, Josephine Metcalf.  A Chronology of Librarianship.  Metuchen, NJ:
    Scarecrow Press, 1968.   
    
    Stone, Elizabeth.  American Library Development, 1600-1899.  New York:
    H.W. Wilson, 1977.  
    
    Vann, Sarah.  Training for Librarianship before 1923.  Chicago: American
    Library Association, 1961.  
    
    Wiegand, Wayne.  Dewey Declassified.  American Libraries.  Vol. 27 no.1,
    January 1996.  pp. 54-61.  
    
    Wiegand.  The Politics of an Emerging Profession: The American Library
    Association, 1876-1917.  New York: Greenwood Press, 1986.  
    

    Webpage

    Webpages

    Library History Round Table, a division of the American Library Association, has several relevant pages:
    Bibliographies of Library History, compiled by Ed Goedeken, Bibliographer for the Humanities, Iowa State University:
    http://www.spertus.edu/library-history/resource.html
    Links to Library History Related Web Sources and Listservs: comprehensive list of organizations, library schools and archives sites. http://www.spertus.edu/library-history/links.html

    Library History Group is a division of the Library Association (UK) and is located at http://www.fdgroup.co.uk/lhg.htm

    SHARP Homepage belongs to the Society for the History of Authorship, Reading, and Publishing and it is especially good for its book history links. SHARP is located at http://www.indiana.edu/~sharp/

    Bibliographic Society can be found at http://www.library.utoronto.ca/~bsc

    International Federation of Library Associations ( IFLA) has a Round Table on Library History: http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/ifla/VII/rt8/rtlh.htm

    back to top


    Stereotypic Images

    Books

    Books & Journals


    
    American Library.  The column "Image: How They're Seeing Us"
    appeared frequently in this ALA journal since the mid-1980's.
    
    Engle, M. "The Librarian and the Crone: Myth and Reality?" Special
    Library Journal, v.37, Jan. 91, p. 44. Also posted in revised form on the web as 
    Remythologizing Work: The Role of Archetypal Images in the Humanization of 
    Librarianship, adapted from a paper presented at the Fall Conference
    of the Eastern New York Chapter of the Association of College and Research
    Libraries, Plattsburgh, New York, 7-8 October 1993.
    
    Hall, Alison. "Behind the Bun, or, Batgirl was a Librarian."  Canadian
    Library Association Journal, v49, no. 5 (1992).
    
    Morrisey, LJ and DO Case. "There Goes My Image: The Perception of Male
    Librarians by Colleague, Student, and Self."  College and Research
    Libraries, v49, no. 5, pp. 453-64 (Sep. 1988).
    
    O'Brien, A., Raish, M. and BI-L (The Bibliographic
    Instruction Discussion Group).  "The Image of the Librarian in
    Commercial Motion Pictures: An Annotated Filmography." 
    Collection Management 17(3) (1993): 61-84. (See "Librarians in the Movies"
    website cited below.)
    
    O'Leary, M. Online comes of age. Online (January, 1997), p. 10-19.
    
    Paul, Meg and Jennifer Evans. The librarians' self-starter: 100's of
    questions to challenge your thinking about your image, the profession's
    image, your job and your future.  Freelance Library & Information Services
    of Australia.  (1988). "Shape up!" these two librarians say. "Become more
    exciting, vital people and workers and the image will change.  We'll show
    you how."  Aside from the self-blaming attitude, this workbook is full of
    refreshing and interesting ideas.
    
    Prins, Hans. The image of the library and information profession: How we
    see ourselves.  A report of an empirical study undertaken on behalf of the
    Task Force on Image of the Special Library Association (1990).  In the
    1980's the SLA spent thousands of dollars to research the image of the
    profession and ways to improve it.  Prins reviews one of these studies.
    
    Scherdin, MJ and A Beaubien. "Shattering Our Stereotype: Librarians' New
    Image. Library Journal v120, no. 12, pp.35-38 (July 1995).
    
    Stelmakh, V. "The Image of the Library: Studies and
    Views from Several Countries: Collection of Papers."  University
    of Haifa Library: Haifa, 1994.
    
    Walker, S. and Lawson, VL.  "The Librarian Stereotype
    and the Movies."  MC JOURNAL: THE Journal of Academic Media
    Librarianship 1(1) (Spring 1993).  Also available at 
    http://wings.buffalo.edu/publications/mcjrnl/v1n1/image.html
    
    West, C. and Katz, E. (eds.)  Revolting Librarians. San Francisco:
    Booklegger Press, 1972.  See especially "The Liberation of Library Lips"
    and "The Sensuous Librarian."
    
    Wilson, Pauline.  Stereotype and Status: Librarians in the United States.
    Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (1982).  Going beyond reviewing and
    researching librarians' self-image and factors for poor image and status,
    Wilson employs social psychological theories and compares librarians'
    reactions to negative stereotyping to social phenomenon, such as the
    internalized oppression felt by minority groups. Her solution is for us
    to stop blaming those in the profession for persistent social attitudes
    and move beyond the image problem.
    

    Webpage

    Webpages

    Bibliomysteries by Marsha McCurley, collector of books about murder in libraries http://www.carol.net/dolphin/bibliomysteries/bibhome.htm

    The Depiction of Libraries, Librarians and the Book Arts in Film and Television. by Steven J. Schmidt. http://www.iupui.edu/it/libref/lib_film.html

    Fictional World of the Archives by David Mattison and Leon Miller http//:www.tulane.edu/~lmiller/fiction/index.htm

    The Image of Health Sciences Librarians: how we see ourselves and how patrons see us By Mary B. Blackwelder, Director, Todd Wehr Library Medical College of Wisconsin Alexandra Dimitroff, Assistant Professor, School of Library and Information Science, University of Wisconsin/Milwaukee http://204.52.204.77/issues/vol84/number3/84-3-345.html

    Internet Public Library: This is a website created by a group of librarians who want to provide a "public library" on the web. One section lists websites about librarians in movies, stage and screen, and cartoon strips http://http://www.ipl.org/svcs/funfacts.html

    Librarians in Comics, compiled by Steven M. Bergson (with a bunch of librarian friends) http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/1107/libcomics.htm

    Librarians in the Movies: An Annotated Filmography. Creator is Martin Raish of SUNY/Binghamton. This is a very complete annotated listing of hundreds of films that contain librarians as central or peripheral characters and includes an introduction about the "image question." This is a slightly shorter version of an article in Collection Management 17(3) (1993): 61-84. http://www.lib.byu.edu/dept/libsci/films/introduction.html

    You Oughta Be In Pictures is another movie site, part of the "Librarian's Library" posted by Data Research Associates in St. Louis, MO. http://www.dra.com/resources/library/librarianslibrary.htm

    The Lipstick Librarian. Creator is Linda Absher. This site recently popped up and word spread quickly (including via a Washington Post "Surfing" column). Seeking to define a new image of the librarian, Absher offers fashion tips and plenty of tongue-in-cheek. Comments in its extremely popular Guestbook, so long it would take hours to read through, shows that image is still a concern in the field. http://www.teleport.com/~petlin/liplib/index.html

    PICK: Quality Internet Resources in Library and Information Science selected by Thomas Parry Library, University of Wales at Aberystwyth There's one section for "image" on this large website. http://www.aber.ac.uk/%7Etplwww/e/ref.html

    Self Love and Joy and Satisfaction in Librarianship by Jennifer Cram who writes about "how librarians feed and suport negative images of themselves" and what we can do about it. Originally published in the Australasian Public Libraries and Information Services in June '91 and recently posted on the web. http://www.alia.org.au/~jcram/self_love.html

    back to top


    Professional Status and Image

    Books

    Books & Journals

    Harris,  Roma.  Librarianship: The Erosion of a Woman's Profession.
    Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing, 	1992.  
    
    Hildenbrand, Suzanne.  Still Not Equal: Closing the Library Gender Gap.
    Library Journal.  Vol. 122, March 1, 1997.  pp. 44-46.  
    
    Carmichael, James Jr.  Gender Issues in the Workplace: Male Librarians
    Tell Their Side.  American Libraries.  Vol. 25, March 1994.  pp. 227-232.  
    
    Reeves, William.  Librarians as Professionals.  Lexington, MA: Lexington
    Books,  1980.   
    
    Spang, Lothar and Kane, William.  Who Speaks for Academic Librarians?
    Status and Satisfaction Comparisons between Unaffiliated and Unionized
    Librarians.  College & Research Libraries News.  Vol. 58, September 1997.
    pp. 446-462.  
    
     

    Webpage

    Webpages

    American Library Association (ALA) is the national professional association for librarians. The ALA has traditionally been advocates for librarians, concerned with positive image and status. They publish the journal American Libraries which carried a column on "Image: How they're seeing us" since the mid-80's. http://www.ala.org

    Special Library Association (SLA) is concerned with the professional advancement of its members and the association funded research into the image question in the 1980's. http://www.sla.org

    Guidelines for Academic Status for College and University Libraries: Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) Standards for Faculty Status of College and University Librarians adopted in 1971. ACRL supports faculty rank, status, and tenure for librarians. http://www.ala.org/acrl/guides/acstatus.html

    Policy Statement on Workload and Governance for Academic Librarians at Canadian Universities: This is a Canadian version of the faculty status issue. http://www.caut.ca/English/Policy/worklib.htm

    Status and Image Survey of IFLA, was conducted in 1995 for the Round Table for the Management of Library Associations (RTMLA) of the International Federation of Library Associations, and a summary was posted on the web. Members around the world were queried on related issues. http://www.ua.ac.be/WGLIB/VVBAD/rtmlasi.html

    back to top


    Changing Technology and Image

    Books

    Books & Journals

    Birdsall, William.  The Myth of the Electronic Library: Librarianship and
    Social Change in America.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.  
    
    Crawford, Walt and Gorman, Michael.  Future Libraries: Dreams, Madness, &
    Reality.  Chicago: American Library Association, 1995.  
    
    Estabrook, Leigh.  Polarized Perceptions: The Benton Foundation Report on
    the Role of Libraries in the Digital Age.  Library Journal.  Vol. 122,
    February 1, 1997.  pp. 46-48.  
     
    Leonhardt, Thomas.  The Literate Librarian (Editorial).  Information
    Technology and Libraries.  Vol. 12 No. 2, June 1993.  pp. 171-172.  
    
    Library Instruction Round Table, American Library Association.
    Information for a New Age: Redefining the Librarian.  Englewood, CO:
    Libraries Unlimited, 1995.  
    
    Singer, Rachel.  What's in a name? (Editorial). American Libraries.
    Vol. 28, April 1997.  p. 31.   
    
    Stemmer,  John and Tombarge ,  John.  Building a Virtual Branch.
    College and Research Libraries 	News.  Vol. 58 No. 4, April 1997.  pp.
    244-248.  
    
    
    

    Webpage

    Webpages

    "Librarians of the Future," by Martin P. Waterman, in The Computer Paper, Online Edition, a Vancouver publication. Waterman looks at the permutations of the new role of librarians as "cybrarians," beginning with an image change: "When I first heard the word "cybrarian" I had an image in my mind of some futuristic public employee that was half bookworm and half RoboCop. Cybrarians are, of course, librarians, but instead of being surrounded by books, they are nestled into a computer workstation."
    http://www.tcp.ca/Nov95/Librarians.html

    Internet Library for Librarians, a comprehensive Web database designed to provide a one-stop shopping center for librarians to locate Internet resources related to the profession: links to sites and instructional resources. http://www.itcompany.com/inforetriever/

    Internet Reference Center was developed by Jennifer Fleming and Linda W. Braun, General Partners in LEO: Librarians and Educators Online. This an A-Z kind of manual, with search tips, net etiquette, ideas about site evaluations, and an extensive print and web resource list. http://www.epnet.com/lrc_ft/interman.html

    Hope N. Tillman, Director of Libraries at Babson College, has articles online about librarians and new technologies.
    What Librarians NEED to Learn About HTML: http://www.tiac.net/users/hope/libnhtml.html
    Librarians as Web Managers: http://www.tiac.net/users/hope/libwebm.html
    Librarians as Web Masters: http://www.tiac.net/users/hope/libnwebmaster/tsld001.htm

    American Society of Information Science (ASIS) Homepage. Since 1937 ASIS has been the society for information professionals leading the search for new and better theories, techniques, and technologies to improve access to information. ASIS counts among its membership some 4,000 information specialists from such fields as computer science, linguistics, management, librarianship, engineering, law, medicine, chemistry, and education; individuals who share a common interest in improving the ways society stores, retrieves, analyzes, manages, archives and disseminates information. http://www.asis.org



    Go to Homepage Go to previous page Go to top of page Go to next page