1 March 1861
The San Elizario Spy (Scout) Company is organized
in El Paso. The majority of the members are Arizona men.
16 March 1861
The citizens of the Territory convene in La Mesilla
and pass an Ordinance of Secession which aligns the Territory of Arizona with the Confederacy. The Confederate Territory
of Arizona encompasses all the land south of the 34th parallel from Texas to the Colorado River.
28 March 1861
A second secession convention was held in Tucson.
The delegates at this meeting confirmed the ordinance of secession and the elections held at La Mesilla.
17 May 1861
Captain George M. Frazer, authorized by the
citizens of La Mesilla to raise a company of Rangers to 'chastise the Apaches", leads his recruits into the plaza
in La Mesilla. There, they accept a "very neat and beautiful flag of the Confederate States from
Miss Guadalupe and Miss Patton."
8 June 1861
Henry H. Sibley, W.W. Loring, James Longstreet, Cadmus
Wilcox, Lawrence Baker, Joseph Wheeler, and George Crittenden, all recently resigned from Federal service, pass through La
Mesilla. All would later become Confederate Generals.
25 July 1861
Confederate troops under the command of Lt. Colonel
John R. Baylor defeat the Union garrison at Fort Fillmore near La Mesilla and take possession of the lower Rio Grande Valley.
27 July 1861
Confederate troops pursue the retreating Union forces
from Fort Fillmore and catch them at San Augustine Pass, capturing more than 700 officers and men and considerable arms and
28 July 1861
Albert Sidney Johnston and his party, traveling east
to join the Confederacy, stop at La Mesilla.
1 August 1861
Lt. Colonel John R. Baylor issues a proclamation establishing
a military government for the territory with himself as governor.
5 August 1861
Granville Henderson Oury is elected as the Territory's
delegate to the Confederate Congress. Oury later serves in the Confederate Army as a Captain.
8 August 1861
The Arizona Rangers are formally inducted into Confederate
Service At La Mesilla.
General Sibley sends Colonel James Reily to Chihuahua
City to encourage Mexican oppostion to any attempt by US troops to cross Mexican territory, to gain formal permission for
Confederate troops to pursue Apache raiders across the border and to obtain permission for the purchase of arms and supplies
27 January 1862
General Henry H. Sibley, with the concurrence of Lt.
Colonel Baylor, orders Company A, Arizona Rangers under the command of Captain Sherod Hunter to Tucson.
14 February 1862
President Jefferson Davis signs the bill passed by
the Congress creating the Territory of Arizona. 50 years later, the US Congress admits Arizona as the 48th State on
14 February 1912. (This is no coincidence!)
21 February 1862
General Sibley's Army of New Mexico attacks Union
forces at Fort Craig under the command of Colonel E.R.S. Canby, winning a victory and capturing the famous "Valverde Battery".
22 February 1862.
While encamped at the San Simone stage station, Private
Benjamin John Mays of Company A dies of pleurisy. He is the first trooper lost in what is now Arizona.
28 February 1862
Company A, Arizona Rangers, commanded by Captain Sherod
Hunter arrives in Tucson.
1 March 1862
Upon the arrival of Colonel James Reily, Captain
Hunter raises the Stars and Bars over the Presidio de San Augustin del Tucson. Colonel Reily, a noted orator, gives
a rousing speech.
3 March 1862
Colonel James Reily once again undertakes a diplomatic
mission to Mexico. Escorted by troopers commanded by Lt. James H. Tevis, Colonel Reily attempts to negotiate with the
Governor of Sonora for the purchase of arms and supplies and to establish permission for the Confederate Navy to use
the port at Guaymas.
10 March 1862
Confederate forces enter and take possession of the
City of Santa Fe, capital city of the Union Territory of New Mexico. Albuquerque is already in Confederate hands.
28 March 1862
Advancing toward Fort Union on the Santa Fe Trail,
Sibley's Army fights a battle at Glorieta Pass. While a Confederate victory, members of the Colorado Volunteers manage
to attack and destroy Sibley's supply train, forcing a retreat to Santa Fe and ultimately a withdrawal to El Paso.
30 March 1862
A detachment from Company A fights a skirmish with
Union troopers at Stanwyx Station along the Gila River. Three of Captain McCleave's Federal soldiers are captured.
15 April 1862
Confederate pickets engage a Union cavalry patrol
in battle at Picacho Pass. Three Yankees including the patrol leader, Lieutenant Barrett are killed. Three Confederates
5 May 1862
A foraging party from Company A is attacked at Dragoon
Springs Station by hostile Apache warriors. Four troopers are killed in action. Three Yankee POWs with the party
help fight off the attack. These are the only Confederate combat deaths in Arizona. The troopers are Captain John
Donaldson, Sergeant Sam Ford, a private named Ricardo and an unknown Son of the South. More than 30 horses and mules are
lost to the Apaches.
9 May 1862
In an effort to recover the lost mounts, Captain Hunter
sends a patrol eastward to look for the Apache raiders. They find a party of the Chiricahua and kill five of them. The
horses and mules are recovered.
14 May 1862
Under pressure from the advance of the California
Column from Yuma consisting of more than 2500 soldiers, and a lack of logistical support, Captain Hunter abandons his
post at Tucson and returns to Texas. Members of Company A rejoin the Arizona
Brigade and fight in the Trans-Mississippi until the end of the war.
Source: Confederate Pathway to the
Pacific: Major Sherod Hunter and Arizona Territory CSA. by L. Boyd Finch.