ESTABLISHING THE MILITARY GOVERNMENT OF THE
TERRITORY OF ARIZONA
To the People of the Territory of Arizona:
The social and political condition of Arizona
being little short of general anarchy, and the people being
literally destitute of law, order, and protection, the said Territory, from the date hereof, is hereby declared temporarily organized as a military government until such time as Congress may otherwise provide.
I, John R. Baylor, lieutenant-colonel, commanding the Confederate Army
in the Territory of Arizona, hereby take possession of the
said Territory in the name and behalf of the Confederate States of America.
For all the purposes herein specified, and until otherwise decreed or
provided, the Territory of Arizona shall comprise all that
portion of New Mexico lying south of the thirty-fourth parallel of north latitude.
All offices, both civil and military, heretofore existing in this Territory,
either under the laws of the late United States or the Territory
of New Mexico, are hereby declared vacant, and from the date hereof shall forever cease to exist.
That the people of this Territory may enjoy the full benefits of law,
order, and protection, and, as far as possible, the blessings
and advantages of a free government, it is hereby decreed that the laws and enactments existing in this Territory prior to the date of this proclamation, and consistent with the Constitution
and laws of the Confederate States of America and the provisions
of this decree, shall continue in full force and effect, without interruption, until such time as the Confederate Congress may otherwise provide.
The said Territory of Arizona from the date hereof is hereby temporarily
organized under a military government until such time as
Congress may otherwise provide. The said government shall
be divided into two separate and distinct departments, to wit: the executive and judicial. The executive authority of this Territory shall be vested in the commandant of the Confederate
Army in Arizona. The judicial power of this Territory shall
be vested in a supreme court, two district courts, two probate courts, and a justice of the peace, together with such municipal and other inferior courts as the wants of the people may from
time to time require. The two district judges shall constitute
the Supreme Court, each of whom shall determine all appeals, exceptions, and writs of error removed from the district court wherein the other presides. One of the said judges shall be designated as the chief justice of the Supreme Court. There shall be
but one session each year, which shall be held at the seat
of government. The district judges shall hold two terms of court every year in their respective judicial districts. They may
likewise hold special terms whenever in their opinion the ends of public justice require it.
The judicial districts of this Territory shall be divided as follows:
The first judicial district shall comprise all the portion
of Arizona lying east of the Apache Pass, the district and probate courts whereof shall be held at La Mesilla. The second judicial district shall comprise the remainder of the Territory. The district and probate courts shall be held at Tucson. The governor shall
likewise appoint one probate judge and sheriff and the necessary justices of the peace in and for each judicial district.
The constables shall be appointed by the respective justices of the peace.
Each district judge shall appoint his own clerk, who shall be ex officio clerk of the probate
court within such district. The district and probate courts
of the two districts shall be held at such times as heretofore
provided by the legislature of New Mexico for the counties of Doņa Aņa and Arizona.
All suits and other business now pending in any of the late courts of
New Mexico within this Territory shall be immediately transferred
to the corresponding courts of this Territory, as herein established.
The style of all process shall be the Territory of Arizona, and all prosecutions shall be carried on in the name of the Territory of Arizona.
There shall likewise be appointed by the governor an attorney-general, secretary of the Territory, treasurer, and marshal, whose duty and compensation shall
be the same as heretofore under the laws of New Mexico.
The city of Mesilla is hereby designated as the seat of government of this
All Territorial officers shall hold their respective terms of office
until otherwise provided by Congress, unless sooner removed
by the power appointing them.
The salaries, fees, and compensation of all Territorial officers shall
remain the same as heretofore in the Territory of New Mexico.
The treasurer, marshal, sheriffs, and constables, before acting as such, shall execute to the
Territory a bond, with good and sufficient securities,
conditioned for the faithful discharge of their official
duties, in the same manner as heretofore provided under the laws of New Mexico.
All Territorial officers, before entering upon their official duties,
shall take an oath or affirmation to support the Constitution
and laws of the Confederate States and of this Territory and
faithfully to discharge all duties incumbent upon them.
The bill of rights of the Territory of New Mexico, so far as consistent
with the Constitution and laws of the Confederate States
and the provisions of this decree, are hereby declared in full force and effect in the Territory of Arizona.
Given under my hand at Mesilla this 1st day of August, 1861.
Gov. and Lieut. Col., Comdg. Mounted Rifles, C. S. Army
Records of the War of the Rebellion.-- SERIES I--VOLUME IV [S# 4] CHAPTER XI.
JULY 25-27, 1861.--Skirmish
No. 8. -- Reports of Lieut. Col. John R. Baylor, (C. S. Army, of skirmish at Mesilla, and surrender of
Union troops at San Augustine Springs, and subsequent operations