Transmission Line Transformer References
Updated 1 July 2005
    
    
  1. Ahmed, M. Jamil, "Impedance Transformation Equations for Exponential, Cosine-Squared, and Parabolic Tapered Transmission Lines," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Jan 1981, pp. 67-68.
    
    
  2. Belleman, J.M., "A Four-Decade Bandwidth Hybrid Coupler," European Organization for Nuclear Research, Note 99-09, 20 May 1999.
    
    
  3. Breed, G., "Transmission Line Transformer Basics," Applied Microwave & Wireless, Vol. 10, No. 4, May 1998.
    
    
  4. Burrows, Charles R., "Exponential Transmission Line," Communications, Oct 1938, pp. 7-9, 26-28 (part 1), Nov 1938, pp. 11-13, 17-18 (part 2).
    
    
  5. Carpentieri, E., "Equations Model Transmission-Line Transformers," Microwaves & RF, Jun 1997, pp. 94-98.
    
    
  6. Cohn, Seymour B., "Optimum Design of Stepped Transmission-Line Transformers," IRE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Apr 1955, pp. 16-21.
    
    
  7. Collin, R.E., "The Optimum Tapered Transmission Line Matching Section," Proceedings of the IRE, Apr 1956, pp. 539-548.
    
    
  8. Gledhill, C.S. and A.M.H. Issa, "Exact Solutions of Stepped Impedance Transformers Having Maximally Flat and Chebyshev Characteristics," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques (MTT), Jul 1969, pp. 379-386. (See corrections IEEE MTT, Nov 1969, p.1046, and comments IEEE MTT Sep 1970, p.648).
    
    
  9. Gluszczak, T.J. and J.D. Harmer, "Transmission Line Transformers with Integer-Ratio Voltage Transformations, 1974 International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, pp. 368-370.
    
    
  10. Grossberg, Milton A., "Extremely Rapid Computation of the Klopfenstein Impedance Taper," Proceedings of the IEEE, Sep 1968, pp. 1629-1630.
    
    
  11. Grunau, W.C. and C.R. Mason, "A Simplified Solution for Tapered Transformer Lines," Microwaves, Oct 1981, pp. 82-83.
    
    
  12. Hamilton, N., "RF Transformers Part 1: The Windings," RF Design, June 1995, pp. 36-44.
    
    
  13. Hecken, Rudolf P., "A Near-Optimum Matching Section Without Discontinuities," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Nov 1972, pp. 734-739.
    
    
  14. Horn, J. and G. Boeck, "Design and Modeling of Transmission Line Transformers," IEEE 2003 International Microwave Symposium, pp. 421-424.
    
    
  15. Jaisson, D., "A Planar Impedance Transformer," Microwave Journal, October 1998, pp. 108-120.
    
    
  16. Jaisson, D., "Planar Impedance Transformer," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 47, No. 5, May 1999, pp. 592-595.
    
    
  17. Kamnitsis, C., "Broadband Matching of UHF Micro-Strip Amplifiers," Microwaves, Apr 1969, pp. 54-56.
    
    
  18. Khilla, A.M., "Optimum Continuous Microstrip Tapers are Amenable to Computer-Aided Design," Microwave Journal, May 1983, pp. 221-224.
    
    
  19. Klopfenstein, R.W., "A Transmission Line Taper of Improved Design," Proceedings of the IRE, Jan 1956, pp. 31-35 (see corrections IEEE MTT, May 1973, p. 364).
    
    
  20. Kobayashi, K., Y. Nemoto, and R. Sato, "Kuroda's Identity for Mixed Lumped and Distributed Circuits and Their Application to Nonuniform Transmission Lines," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. MTT-29, No. 2, Feb 1981, pp. 81-86.
    
    
  21. Kobayashi, K., Y. Nemoto, and R. Sato, "Equivalent Representations of Nonuniform Transmission Lines Based on the Extended Kuroda's Identity," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. MTT-30, No. 2, Feb 1982, pp. 140-146.
    
    
  22. London, S.E. and S.V. Tomashevich, "Line Transformers with Fractional Transformation Factor," Telecommunications and Radio Engineering, Vol. 28/29, Apr 1974, pp. 129-130.
    
    
  23. Massaro, P.A. and V. Picciarelli, "General Class of Multisection Quarter-Wave Transformers for Impedance Matching at Microwave Frequencies," Electronics Letters, Vol. 15, No. 8, 12 Apr 1979.
    
    
  24. Malinen, A., K. Stadius, and K. Halonen, "Characteristics and Modeling of a Broadband Transmission-Line Transformer," IEEE 2004 International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Vol. 4, pp. 413-416.
    
    
  25. Massaro, P.A. and V. Picciarelli, "Legendre Tapers," Electronics Letters, Vol. 14, No. 25, 7 Dec 1978, pp. 823-824.
    
    
  26. McClure, D.A., "Broadband Transmission Line Transformer Family Matches a Wide Range of Impedances," RF Design, February 1994, pp. 62-66.
    
    
  27. McClure, D.A., "Broadband Transmission Line Transformer Family Matches a Wide Range of Impedances - Part 2," RF Design, May 1994, pp. 40-49..
    
    
  28. Myer, D., "Synthesis of Equal Delay Transmission Line Transformer Networks," Microwave Journal, March 1992, pp. 106-114.
    
    
  29. Mirshekar-Syahkal, D. and J.B. Davies, "Accurate Analysis of Tapered Planar Transmission Lines for Microwave Integrated Circuits," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. MTT-29, No. 2, Feb 1981.
    
    
  30. Rothholz, Ersch, "Transmission-Line Transformers," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Apr 1981, pp. 327-331.
    
    
  31. Sevick, J., "A Simplified Analysis of the Broadband Transmission Line Transformer," High Frequency Electronics, Vol. 3, No. 2, February 2004, pp. 48-53.
    
    
  32. Rustogi, O.P., "Linearly Tapered Transmission Line and its Applications in Microwaves," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Mar 1969, pp. 166-168.
    
    
  33. Womack, Charles P., "The Use of Exponential Transmission Lines in Microwave Components," IRE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Mar 1962, pp. 124-132.
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