Noise Figure References
Updated 8 March 2003
    
    
  1. -----, "A Low Cost Noise Figure Measurement Instrument," Microwave Journal, Jul 1996, pp. 170-174.
    
    
  2. -----, "Additional Conveniences for Noise Figure Measurements," Hewlett Packard Journal, Vol. 10, No. 6/7, Feb/Mar 1959.
    
    
  3. -----, "An Automatic Noise Figure Meter for Improving Microwave Device Performance," Hewlett Packard Journal, Vol. 9, No. 5, Jan 1958.
    
    
  4. -----, "Fundamentals of RF and Microwave Noise Figure Measurements," Hewlett Packard Application Note #57-1
    
    
  5. -----, "Noise Figure Measurement Accuracy," Hewlett Packard Application Note #57-2.
    
    
  6. -----, "Noise Figure Primer," Hewlett-Packard Application Note #57.
    
    
  7. Abidi, A.A., "High-Frequency Noise Measurements on FET's with Small Dimensions," IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 33, No. 11, Nov 1986, pp. 1801-1805.
    
    
  8. Abidi, A.A. and J.C. Leete, "De-Embedding the Noise Figure of Differential Amplifiers," IEEE Journal of Solid State Circuits, Vol. 34, No. 6, Jun 1999, pp. 882-885.
    
    
  9. Adamian, V. and A. Uhlir, "A Novel Procedure for Receiver Noise Characterization," IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Jun 1973, pp. 181-182.
    
    
  10. Adler, R. et al, "Description of the Noise Performance of Amplifiers and Receiving Systems," Proceedings of the IEEE, Mar 1963, pp. 436-442.
    
    
  11. Agouridis, D.C. and A. van der Ziel, "Noise Figure of UHF Transistors as a Function of Frequency and Bias Conditions," IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. ED-14, No. 12, Dec 1967, pp. 808-816.
    
    
  12. Anciaux, L.N., "Accurate Noise-Figure Measurements for VHF," Ham Radio, Jun 1972, pp. 36-40.
    
    
  13. Anouchi, A.Y., "Measuring Noise Figures of Transistor Amplifiers," Proceedings of the IEEE, Mar 1958, p. 619.
    
    
  14. Bary, L., M. Borgarino, R. Plana, T. Parra, S.J. Kovacic, H. Lafontaine, and J. Grafeuil, "Transimpedance Amplifier-Based Full Low-Frequency Noise Characterization Setup for Si/SiGe HBTs," IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 48, No. 4, Apr 2001, pp. 767-773.
    
    
  15. Becking, A.G. Th., H. Groendijk, and K.S. Knol, "The Noise Factor of Four-Terminal Networks," Philips Research Reports, Vol. 10, 1955, pp. 349-357.
    
    
  16. Bellomo, A.F., "Gain and Noise Considerations in RF Feedback Amplifier," IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. SC-3, No. 3, Sep 1968, pp. 290-294.
    
    
  17. Bennett, W.R., "Methods of Solving Noise Problems," Proceedings of the IRE, May 1956, pp. 609-637.
    
    
  18. Bergman, L.A. and A.R. Johnston, "Measuring Signal-to-Noise Ratio Automatically," JPL Invention Report NPO-14582/30-4203, Mar 1980.
    
    
  19. Besser, L., "Stability Considerations of Low-Noise Transistor Amplifiers with Simultaneous Noise and Power Match," 1975 IEEE International Microwave Symposium, pp. 327-329.
    
    
  20. Besson, R.J., M. Mourey, S. Galliou, and Ph. Guillemot, "Phase Noise Figures Comparison in Transistor Amplifiers of Different Types," 10th European Frequency and Time Forum, 1996, pp. 447-451.
    
    
  21. Bhattacharya, D.K. and S. Vaidyanathan, "Effect of the Demagnetisation Factor on the Barkhausen Noise Signal," Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, No. 166, 1997, pp. 111-116.
    
    
  22. Bird, J., "An Introduction to Noise Figure," RF Design, Mar 1993, pp. 78-83.
    
    
  23. Bogner, R.E., "Feedback and Noise Performance," Electronic Engineering, Feb 1965, pp. 115-117.
    
    
  24. Boldyreva, T.I., "Comparative Study of Phase and Amplitude Noise of CE, CE-CB and CC-CB Bipolar Transistor Amplifiers," 1998 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, pp. 218-225.
    
    
  25. Boldyreva, T.I. and V.N. Kuleshov, "PM and AM Noise in Common Base Amplifier," 1999 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, Vol. 2, pp. 1184-1186.
    
    
  26. Brown, B., "Using Noise Generators," Ham Radio, Aug 1968, pp. 79-80.
    
    
  27. Brown, R., D. Mokry, D. Weiner, and M. Wicks, "Mixer and Receiver Noise Figures," Proceedings of RF Expo 90, pp. 197-203.
    
    
  28. Brubaker, R., "Semiconductor Noise Figure Considerations," Motorola Application Note AN-421.
    
    
  29. Bruncke, W.C. and A. van der Ziel, "Thermal Noise in Juction-Gate Field-Effect Transistors," IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. ED-13, No. 3, Mar 1966, pp. 323-329.
    
    
  30. Burgess, R.E., "Noise in Receiving Aerial Systems," Proceedings of the Physical Society, Vol. 53, Pt. 3, No. 297, May 1941, pp. 293-304.
    
    
  31. Caruso, G. and M. Sannino, "Computer-Aided Determination of Microwave Two-Port Noise Parameters," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. MTT-26, No. 9, Sep 1978, pp. 639-642.
    
    
  32. Coffey, W.N., "Behavior of Noise Figure in Junction Transistors," Proceedings of the IEEE, Feb 1958, pp. 495-496.
    
    
  33. Collins, C.E., R.D. Pollard, R.E. Miles, and R.G. Dildine, "A New Method for Determination of Single-Sideband Noise Figure," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 42, No. 12, December 1994, pp. 2435-2439.
    
    
  34. Collins, C.E., R.D. Pollard, R.E. Miles, and R.G. Dildine, "On the Measurement of SSB Noise Figure Using Sideband Cancellation," IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 45, No. 3, June 1996, pp. 721-727.
    
    
  35. Cuevas, M., "A Microprocessor Mediates the Noise-Figure Debate," Microwaves, Oct 1981, pp. 51-81.
    
    
  36. Currie, M.R. and D.C. Forster, "Experiments on Noise Reduction in Backward-Wave Amplifiers," Proceedings of the IRE, May 1957, pp. 690-691.
    
    
  37. Darabi, H. and A.A. Abidi, "Noise in RF CMOS Mixers: A Simple Physical Model," IEEE Transactions on Solid State Circuits, Vol. 35, No. 1, Jan 2000, pp. 15-25.
    
    
  38. Darbie, A.M., "Reduce Noise in Feedback Circuits," Electronic Design, Vol. 20, No. 25, 7 Dec 1972, pp. 72-75.
    
    
  39. Deen, M.J. and J. Ilowski, "Modelling of Bonding Pads and Their Effect on the High-Frequency Noise-Figure of Polysilicon Emitter Bipolar Junction Transistors," Canadian Journal of Physics (Supplement), Vol. 74, 1996, pp. S200-S204.
    
    
  40. Dreifuss, J., A. Madjar, and Prof. A. Bar_Lev, "Novel Method for Calculating the Noise Figure of Microwave MESFET Mixers," IEE Proceddings, Vol. 136, Pt. H, No. 4, August 1989, pp. 289-292.
    
    
  41. Eisenberg, J.A., "Designing Amplifiers for Optimum Noise Figure," Microwaves, Apr 1974, pp. 36-44.
    
    
  42. Fahey, S.F., "Noise Factor of a System with Feedback," Microwave Journal, Sep 1989, pp. 228-236.
    
    
  43. Faulkner, T.R., "Residual Phase Noise Measurement," Microwave Journal, 1989 State of the Art Reference, pp. 135-143.
    
    
  44. Ferre-Pikal, E.S., F.L. Walls, and C.W. Nelson, "Guidelines for Designing BJT Amplifiers with Low 1/f AM and PM Noise," IEEE Transactions on Untrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, Vol. 44, No. 2, Mar 1997, pp. 335-343.
    
    
  45. Fisk, J.R., "Receiver Noise Figure, Sensitivity, and Dynamic Range - What the Numbers Mean," Ham Radio, Oct 1975, pp. 8-24.
    
    
  46. Foot, N.J., "Estimating the Noise Figure of Your VHF System," Ham Radio, Jun 1975, pp. 42-44.
    
    
  47. Fraser, D.D., "Noise Spectrum of Temperature-Limited Diodes," Wireless Engineer, April 1949, pp. 129-132.
    
    
  48. Friis, H.T., "Noise Figures of Radio Receivers," Proceedings of the IRE, Jul 1944, pp. 419-422.
    
    
  49. Friis, H.T., "Discussion on Noise Figures of Radio Receivers," Proceedings of the IRE, Feb 1945, pp. 125-127.
    
    
  50. Fukui, H., "Available Power Gain, Noise Figure, and Noise Measure of Two-Ports and Their Graphical Representations," IEEE Transactions on Circuit Theory, Vol. CT-13, No. 2, June 1966, pp. 137-142.
    
    
  51. Gallego, J.D. and A.B. Cancio, "Determination of Noise Parameters of Low Noise Microwave IF Amplifiers," Microwave Journal, Feb 1994, pp. 74-86.
    
    
  52. Gisske, E.T., "Automatic Noise-Figure Meter for Preamplifiers and Converters," Ham Radio, Feb 1981, pp. 12-21.
    
    
  53. Goldberg, H., "Some Notes on Noise Figures," Proceedings of the IRE, Oct 1948, pp. 1205-1215.
    
    
  54. Guentzler, R.E., "Noise Generators," QST, Mar 1972, pp. 44-49.
    
    
  55. Guentzler, R.E., "The 'Monode' Noise Generator," QST, Apr 1967, pp. 30-33. See Additional Data, Aug 1969, pp. 50-51.
    
    
  56. Hagen, J.B., "Noise Parameter Transformations for Three-Terminal Amplifiers," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 38, No. 3, Mar 1990, pp. 319-321.
    
    
  57. Halladay, H.E. and A. van der Ziel, "On the High Frequency Excess Noise and Equivalent Circuit Representation of the MOS-FET with n-Type Channel," Solid-State Electronics, Vol. 12, 1969, pp. 161-176.
    
    
  58. Hart, O.A.H., "Standard Noise Sources," Philips Technical Review, Vol. 23, 1961/1962, pp. 293-309.
    
    
  59. Hartman, K., "Noise Characterization of Linear Circuits," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems, Vol. CAS-23, No. 10, Oct 1976, pp. 581-590.
    
    
  60. Hartman, K., "Changes of the Four Noise Parameters Due to General Changes of Linear Two-Port Circuits," IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. ED-20, No. 10, Oct 1973, pp. 874-877.
    
    
  61. Haus, H.A., "Noise Figure for Negative Source Resistance," Proceedings of the IRE, Oct 1962, pp. 2135-2136.
    
    
  62. Haus, H.A. et al, "Description of the Noise Performance of Amplifiers and Receiving Systems," Proceedings of the IRE, March 1963, pp. 436-442.
    
    
  63. Haus, H.A. et al, "IRE Standards on Methods of Measuring Noise in Linear Twoports, 1959," Proceedings of the IRE, January 1960, pp. 60-68.
    
    
  64. Haus, H.A. et al, "Representation of Noise in Linear Twoports," Proceedings of the IRE, January 1960, pp. 69-74.
    
    
  65. Haus, H.A. and R.B. Adler, "An Extension of the Noise Figure Definition," Proceedings of the IRE, May 1957, pp. 690-691.
    
    
  66. Haus, H.A. and R.B. Adler, "Optimum Noise Performance of Linear Amplifiers," Proceedings of the IRE, Aug 1958, pp. 1517-1533.
    
    
  67. Hayashi, A. and A. van der Ziel, "Correlation Coefficient of Gate and Drain Flicker Noise," Solid State Electronics, Vol. 17, 1974, pp. 637-639.
    
    
  68. Hiatt, C.F., A. van der Ziel, and K.M. van Vliet, "Generation-Recombination Noise Produced in the Channel of JFET's," IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Aug 1975, pp. 614-616.
    
    
  69. Hillbrand, H. and P.H. Russer, "An Efficient Method for Computer Aided Noise Analysis of Linear Amplifier Networks," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems, Vol. CAS-23, No. 4, Apr 1976, pp. 235-238.
    
    
  70. Hu, Y. and K. Mayarama, "Behavioral Models for Noise in Bipolar and MOSFET Mixers," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems - II, Vol. 46, No. 10, Oct 1999, pp. 1289-1300.
    
    
  71. Hu, Y. and K. Mayarama, "A Simulation-Free Approach for Analysis of Noise in Emitter-Coupled Pair Bipolar Mixers," 1998 IEEE Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits and Technology Meeting, pp. 79-82.
    
    
  72. Hudec, P., "Procedures for Exact Noise Analysis," Microwave Journal, Sep 1992, pp. 162-170.
    
    
  73. Huie, J.A., "A VHF Noise Generator," QST, Feb 1964, pp. 23-28.
    
    
  74. Hull, C.D. and R.G. Meyer, "A Systematic Approach to the Analysis of Noise in Mixers," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems - I, Vol. 40, No. 12, Dec 1993, pp. 909-919.
    
    
  75. Isell, J., "A Basic Tutorial on Noise Figure," Proceedings of RF Expo 87, pp. 201-206.
    
    
  76. Iversen, S., "The Effect of Feedback on Noise Figure," Proceedings of the IEEE, Mar 1975, pp. 540-542.
    
    
  77. Jarema, E.D., "Noise Figure Chart," Electronics, Mar 1950, p. 114.
    
    
  78. Jennings, K.B. and J.A. Connelly, "Noise Figure Modeling of Bipolar Transistors Using Spice," RF Design, Feb 1996, pp. 33-40.
    
    
  79. Jensen, A.G., "Standards on Electron Devices: Methods of Measuring Noise," Proceedings of the IRE, Jul 1953, pp. 890-896.
    
    
  80. Kasser, R., "A New Noise Equivalent Circuit for the Junction FET with Uncorrelated Noise Sources," Proceedings of the IEEE, Jul 1970, pp. 1171-1172.
    
    
  81. Kasser, R.D., "Noise Factor Contours for Field-Effect Transistors at Moderately High Frequencies," IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 19, No. 2, Feb 1972, pp. 164-171.
    
    
  82. Kennedy, J., "The Real Meaning of Noise Figure," Ham Radio, Mar 1969, pp. 26-32.
    
    
  83. Kirk, E.W., A. van der Ziel, E.R. Chenette, and C.S. Kim, "Induced Gate Noise in MOS FETs," Solid-State Electronics, vol. 14, 1971, pp. 945-948.
    
    
  84. Kleinpenning, T.G.M., "Noise Figure of BJT Common-Emitter Amplifier at Low Frequencies," 14th International Conference on Noise in Physical Systems and 1/f Fluctuations, July 1997, Leuven, Belgium, pp. 478-481.
    
    
  85. Kuhn, Nicholas J., "Curing a Subtle But Significant Cause of Noise Figure Error," Microwave Journal, June 1984, pp. 85-98.
    
    
  86. Kuhn, N., "Accurate and Aurtomatic Noise Figure Measurements with Standard Equipment," 1980 IEEE International Microwave Symposium, pp. 425-427.
    
    
  87. Kuhn, N., "Evaluate Noise Figure and Noise Temperature," Microwaves & RF, Nov 1983, pp. 113-119.
    
    
  88. Kuleshov, V.N. and T.I. Boldyreva, "1/f AM and PM Noise in Bipolar Transistor Amplifiers: Sources, Ways of Influence, Techniques of Reduction," 1997 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, pp. 446-455.
    
    
  89. Lam, V.M.T., C.R. Poole, and P.C.L. Yip, "Exact Noise Figure of a Noisy Two-Port with Feedback," IEE Proceedings, Part G, Vol. 139, No. 4, Aug 1992, pp. 473-476.
    
    
  90. Lane, R.Q., "The Determination of Device Noise Parameters," Proceedings of the IEEE, Aug 1969, pp. 1461-1462.
    
    
  91. Lange, J., "Noise Characterization of Linear Twoports in Terms of Invariant Parameters," IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. SC-2, No. 2, Jun 1967, pp. 37-40.
    
    
  92. Lebenbaum, M>T., "Some Perspectives on Receiver Noise Performance and Its Measurement," Microwave Journal, Jan 1973, pp. 31-34.
    
    
  93. Lee, S.J. and A. van der Ziel, "Flicker Noise Compensation in High-Impedance MOSFET Circuits," Solid State Electronics, Vol 16, 1973, pp. 1301-1302.
    
    
  94. Lowe, B.L., "Hot and Cold Resistors as UHF Noise Sources," QST, Sep 1976, pp. 32-34.
    
    
  95. Marshall, N., "Optimizing Multi-Stage Amplifiers for Low-Noise," Microwaves, Apr 1974, pp. 62-64.
    
    
  96. Mavor, J., "Noise Parameters for Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Transistors," Proceedings of the IEE, Vol. 113, No. 9, Sep 1966, pp. 1463-1467.
    
    
  97. Mayercik, M.E., "Noise Parameter Calculations on the Personal Computer," RF Design, Jun 1992, pp. 29-31.
    
    
  98. Maxwell, E. and B.J. Leon, "Absolute Measurement of Receiver Noise Figures at UHF," IRE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Apr 1956, pp. 81-85.
    
    
  99. McCurley, E.P. and C. Blake, "A Simple Approximate Expression for Converting Directly from Noise Figures in dB to Noise Temperatures," Microwave Journal, Apr 1961, pp. 79-80.
    
    
  100. Mercer, P., D.A. Cowan, and A.B. Bell, "Low Noise and Linear FET Amplifiers for Satellite Communications," 1977 IEEE International Microwave Symposium, pp. 468-471.
    
    
  101. Mercer, P., D.A. Cowan, and A.B. Bell, "Low Noise and Linear FET Amplifiers for Satellite Communications," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 25, No. 12, Dec 1977, pp. 995-1000.
    
    
  102. Meyer, R.G., "Noise in Transistor Mixers at High Frequencies," Proceedings of the IEE, Vol. 115, No. 4, Apr 1968, pp. 487-495.
    
    
  103. Meyer, R.G., "Noise in Transistor Mixers at Low Frequencies," Proceedings of the IEE, Vol. 114, No. 5, May 1967, pp. 611-618.
    
    
  104. Meyer, R.G., "Signal Processes in Transistor Mixer Circuits at High Frequencies," Proceedings of the IEE, Vol. 114, No. 11, Nov 1967, pp. 1605-1612.
    
    
  105. Miller, C.K.S., W.C. Daywitt, and M.G. Arthur, "Noise Standards, Measurements, and Receiver Noise Definitions," Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 55, No. 6, Jun 1967, pp. 865-877.
    
    
  106. Mitama, M. and H. Katoh, "An Improved Computaional Method for Noise Parameter Measurement," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 27, No. 6, Jun 1979, pp. 612-615.
    
    
  107. Molin, G., "CAD and Math Techniques Ease Front End Design," Microwaves & RF, Oct 1983, pp. 111-113.
    
    
  108. Motchenbacher, C.D. and F.C. Fitchen, "LOW-NOISE ELECTRONIC DESIGN," Wiley, 1973, chapter 14, "Noise Measurement."
    
    
  109. Negrete, M.R., "Additional Conveniences for Noise Figure Measurement," Hewlett-Packard Journal, Vol. 10, No. 6-7, Feb/Mar 1959.
    
    
  110. Niclas, K.B., "The Exact Noise Figure of Amplifiers with Parallel Feedback and Lossy Matching Circuits," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. MTT-30, No. 5, May 1982, pp. 832-835.
    
    
  111. Nielsen, E.G., "Behavior of Noise Figure in Junction Transistors," Proceedings of the IRE, Jul 1957, pp. 957-963.
    
    
  112. Olson, H., "The Noise Diode Caper," QST, Feb 1964, pp. 28-33.
    
    
  113. Olson, H. and G. Lehman, "Noise Generators for 420 Mc and Up," QST, Feb 1964, pp. 33-35.
    
    
  114. Okamoto, M. and A. van der Ziel, "Noise Figure of FET Mixers with HF Feedback from Output to Input," IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. SC-3, No. 3, Sep 1968, pp. 300-302.
    
    
  115. Ortiz, J. and C. Denig, "Noise Figure Analysis Using Spice," Microwave Journal, Apr 1992, pp. 89-94.
    
    
  116. Pastori, William E., "A Review of Noise Figure Instrumentation," Microwave Hournal, April 1983, pp. 113-122.
    
    
  117. Pastori, William E., "Bandwidth Effects in Noise-Figure Measurements," Microwave System News, April 1988, pp. 77-86.
    
    
  118. Pastori, William E., "Image and Second-Stage Corrections Resolve Noise Figure Measurement Confusion," Microwave System News, May 1983, pp. 67-86.
    
    
  119. Pastori, William E., "Transform Noise Figure to Noise Temperature," Microwaves & RF, May 1983, p. 153.
    
    
  120. Pettai, R., "NOISE IN RECEIVING SYSTEMS," Wiley, 1984, chapter 11, "Measurement of Noise Parameters."
    
    
  121. Poore, R., "Accurate Simulation of Mixer Noise and Oscillator Phase Noise in Large RFICs," 1997 Asia Pacific Microwave Conference, pp. 357-360.
    
    
  122. Poulter, H.C., "An Automatic Noise Figure Meter for Improving Microwave Device Performance," Hewlett-Packard Journal, Vol. 9, No. 5, Jan 1958.
    
    
  123. Rao, P.S. and A. van der Ziel, "Noise and y-Parameters in MOS FETs," Solid-State Electronics, Vol. 14, 1971, pp. 939-944.
    
    
  124. Rheinfelder, W.A., "DESIGN OF LOW-NOISE TRANSISTOR INPUT CIRCUITS," Hayden, 1964.
    
    
  125. Rohrer, R., L. Nagel, R. Meyer, and L. Weber, "Computationally Efficient Electronic-Circuit Noise Calculations," IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. SC-6, No. 4, Aug 1971, pp. 204-213.
    
    
  126. Rothe, H., "Theory of Noisy Fourpoles," Proceedings of the IRE, Jun 1956, pp. 811-818.
    
    
  127. Rouquette, P., D. Gasquet, T. Holden, and J. Moult, "HBT's RF Noise Parameter Determination by Means of an Efficient Method Based on Noise Analysis of Linear Amplifier Networks," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 45, No. 5, May 1997, pp. 690-694.
    
    
  128. Sanders, D.P., "Predict Noise Figures of Bipolar Transistors," Microwaves, Oct 1979, pp. 74-76.
    
    
  129. Sanderson, A.E. and R.G. Fulks, "A Simplified Noise Theory and Its Application to the Design of Low-Noise Amplifiers," IRE Transactions on Audio, Jul-Aug 1961, pp. 106-108.
    
    
  130. Shana'a, O., I. Linscott, and L. Tyler, "Frequency-Scalable SiGe Bipolar RF Front-End Design," IEEE Journal of Solid State Circuits, Vol. 36, No. 6, Jun 2001, pp. 888-895.
    
    
  131. Slater, C., "Spectrum-Analyzer-Based System Simplifies Noise Figure Measurement," RF Design, Dec 1993, pp. 24-32.
    
    
  132. Smullin, L.D. and H.A. Haus, "NOISE IN ELECTRON DEVICES," Wiley, 1959, pp. 213-215 and 292-296.
    
    
  133. Steffes, M., "Circuit Design Reduces Opamp Noise Figure," Microwaves & RF, May 1996, pp. 159-168.
    
    
  134. Stein, R.S., "Automatic Noise-Figure Measurements - Fact and Fancy," Ham Radio, Aug 1978, pp. 40-54. See comments in Aug 1979, p. 6.
    
    
  135. Stein, R.S., "Diode Noise Source for Receiver Noise Measurements," Ham Radio, Jun 1979, pp. 32-43.
    
    
  136. Strid, E.W., "Measurement of Losses in Noise-Matching Networks," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 29, No. 3, Mar 1981, pp. 247-252.
    
    
  137. Strutt, M.J.O., "Noise-Figure Reduction in Mixer Stages," Proceedings of the IRE, Dec 1946, pp. 942-950.
    
    
  138. Swain, H.L. and R.M. Cox, "Noise Figure Meter Sets Records for Accuracy, Repeatability, and Convenience," Hewlett-Packard Journal, Apr 1983, pp. 23-34.
    
    
  139. Takagi, K. and A. van der Ziel, "High Frequency Excess Noise and Flicker Noise in AaAs FETs," Solid State Electronics, Vol. 22, 1979, pp. 285-287.
    
    
  140. Terrovitis, M.T. and R.G. Meyer, "Noise in Current-Commutating CMOS Mixers," IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 34, No. 6, Jun 1999, pp. 772-783.
    
    
  141. Triantis, D.P., A.N. Birbas, and D. Kondis, "Thermal Noise Modeling for Short-Channel MOSFETs," IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 43, No. 11, Nov 1996, pp. 1950-1954.
    
    
  142. Tucker, R.S., "Low-Noise Design of Microwave Transistor Amplifiers," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Aug 1975, pp. 697-700.
    
    
  143. van Rheenen, A.D., S. Tehrani, M.M. Hoogstra, J.A. Curless, and M.S. Peffley, "Low Frequency Noise on HFETs," Microwave Journal, Sep 1992, pp. 133-141.
    
    
  144. de Vreede, L.C.N., H.C. de Graaff, G.A.M. Hurkx, J.L. Tauritz, and R.G.F. Baets, "A Figure of Merit for the High-Frequency Noise Behavior of Bipolar Transistors," IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 29, No. 10, October 1994, pp. 1220-1226.
    
    
  145. van der Ziel, A., "Equivalence of the Noise Figures of Common-Source and Common-Gate FET Circuits," Electronics Letters, Vol. 5, No. 8, 17 Apr 1969, pp. 161-162.
    
    
  146. van der Ziel, A., "Gate Noise in Field Effect Transistors at Moderately High Frequencies," Proceedings of the IEEE, Mar 1963, pp. 461-467.
    
    
  147. van der Ziel, A., "Limiting Flicker Noise in MOSFETs," Solid State Electronics, Vol. 18, 1975, p. 1031.
    
    
  148. van der Ziel, A., "NOISE," Prentice-Hall, 1954, chapter 4, "Noise Measurements."
    
    
  149. van der Ziel, A., "On The Noise Figure of Negative Conductance Amplifiers," Proceedings of the IRE, Oct 1962, pp. 2122-2123.
    
    
  150. van der Ziel, A. and M. Okamoto, "Noise in Common-Base Transistor Mixers with HF Feedback from the Output," IEEE Journal of Sild-State Circuits, Sep 1968, pp. 303-304.
    
    
  151. van der Ziel, A., J.A. Crus-Emeric, R.D. Livingstone, J.C. Malpass, and D.A. McNamara, "A More Accurate Expression for the Noise Figure of Transistors," Solid State Electronics, Vol. 19, 1976, pp. 149-151.
    
    
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           If you have any additional references on this
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    _==_ / and they will be added to this resource list.
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