BICKHAM Genealogy and Surname Study
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Martin BICKHAM, Second Generation

Of the three brothers - Richard, Thomas, Martin - of Richard BICKHAM of New Jersey, Martin BICKHAM was the only one who did not name his children in his will. Only one son has been identified as probably being the son of Martin BICKHAM but there may have been others.

 4.  Martin BICKHAM, son of Richard BICKHAM and possibly Jane (Surname Unknown), was born probably about 1714 and died before 4 February 1751 in Greenwich Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey.1  Another name for Martin was Martain. 2   

Recorded events in his life were: 

• The inventory of Constantine Wood,3 taken on 16 June 1736, in Woodbury, Gloucester County, New Jersey, included a debt due from Martin Bickham. One of the appraisers was Richard Bickham.  

• He purchased land &/or property from Thomas Bickham, on 12 February 1739, in Greenwich Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey.4, 5 "Thomas Bickham of the Township of Greenwich Yeoman . . . Martin Bickham of the same Place abovesaid, Yeoman . . . for and in Consideration of the Sum of ten Pounds current lawfull Money of America . . . piece of Swamp Land or Meadow Ground . . . near the Head of the Title of little Timber Creek and adjoins to some Land of Richard Bickham . . . containing fifty four Acres of Land and Swamp which is part of One hundred and Twenty Acres of Land which the said Thomas Bickham purchas'd of William Wood . . . the tenth Day of January Anno Domini 1736/7 . . ." Witnesses William Webster and John Jones. The deed was recorded 10 May 1740. 

• At some time before 1740, John [Hendrickson] bought 26 acres of "Land, Moss & Seder swamp" in Gloucester County from Martin Bickham of Greenwich Township, who died before completing a formal transfer of the property. His will empowered his executors to do this, but before they had attended to giving John a suitable "deed of conveyance," he, too, was dead.  Six months later, on 10 May 1752, the heirs of Martin Bickham, late of Greenwich Township, deceased, executed a formal conveyance to young Isaac [Hendrickson] of the "Land, Moss & Seder Swamp" in Gloucester County which Isaac's father had agreed to buy, but for which no deed had as yet been given.6 

• The inventory of Richard Bickham7 was made by Thomas Wilkins and Martin Bickham.  

• Sealing Docket, Gloucester County, New Jersey, beginning 1746. "Martin Bickham v. Wm. Gerrard, 3 Feb. [1746], als Caps., case 50."8 

• Petition to Charles Read, dated 21 June 1748, "That our nephew, Hendry Bickham hath made choses of Samuel Shivers for his Garden . . ." Signed Thomas Bickham and Martin Bickham.9 

• Advertisement in The Pennsylvania Gazette, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, issue dated 7 July 1748.10 RUN away from Martin Bickham, of Gloucester County, Greenwich Township, on the 5th instant, an Irish servant maid, named Katherine Anderson, about 23 years of age, of middle stature, well set, fresh complexion, full faced, and speaks good English.  Had on when she went away, a greyish coloured quilted petticoat, homespun shift, pretty much patched, a striped linsey apron, and speckled handkerchief, but neither stockings nor shoes, that is known of.  Whoever takes up said servant girl, and secures her, so that her master may have her again, shall have Three Pounds reward, and reasonable charges, paid by Martin Bickham. 

• Will Abstract of Robert Gerrard,11 yeoman, of Greenwich Township, Gloucester County. Robert wrote his will 21 August 1748. He mentioned real and personal estate to be sold (except two lots in Philadelphia for wife Margret).  Money from the sale was to be divided into twelve equal parts for the wife (2 parts) and his children: William, Sarah (wife of Martain Bickham), Margret (wife of John Sparks), Elizabeth (wife of John Chew), Thomas, Givin (daughter), Miles (not 21), Jain (not 18), Damsin (not 18), and Hackels (not 18).  Executors - wife, son William, and Joshua Lord.  Witnesses were William Wilkins, Edward Hollinshead, and Garret Vanaman.  The will was sworn to and affirmed on 22 October 1748. 

  The inventory was made during a three day period, 11 - 13 October 1748, by Jacob Cozens and William Wilkins.  The inventory value was 460.06.10, and  included a negro man and his bed, 60; a Bible, 1; cattle and sheep 39.05; rye lent to John Sparks, blacksmith; Indian corn [lent] to Martin Bickham. 

• Quit Claim Deed dated 4 January 1749, Gloucester County, New Jersey,4, 12 from Henry Bickham to Martin Bickham.  "Henry Bickham of the Township of Greenwich . . . yeoman . . .  Martin Bickham of the same place . . . yeoman . . . five shillings of current lawfull money of New Jersey . . . of a tract of land that formerly belonged to his Grandfather Richard Bickham . . . the division between them the said Henry Bickham & Martin Bickham to be described by the following lines & bounds . . ."  Witnesses were Wm. Wood, Wm. Gerrard, and Ebenezer Miller, Jun.  The deed was recorded 22 July 1774. 

• Will Abstract of Martin Bickham,13of Greenwich, Gloucester Co., yeoman. His will was dated 1 November 1748. He mentioned wife, Sara, daughter of Robert Gerrard. Children, all under age, were spoken of but not by name. Executors were his wife and Samuel Shivers. Witnesses were Samuel Hopper, John Hanby, and Mary Key. The will was proved 16 February 1750. 

• The Inventory1 of Martin Bickham was made on 4 February 1751, in Greenwich, Gloucester County, New Jersey, by Thomas Bickham and William Gerrard. The value of the estate was L56.14.2.  

• Martin BICKHAM's will was proved 16 February 1751.14   

Martin married Sarah GERRARD, daughter of Robert GERRARD and Margret (Surname Unknown), on 26 May 1739 in Greenwich Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey.15, 16   

Marriage Notes: #6; Martin Bickham of the County of Gloucester, yeoman and Sam'l Rain of the same place, Carpenter, and Gabriel Rambo of the same place, Blacksmith . . . [Bound to] . . . Lewis Morris, Commander in Chief . . . 500 pounds . . . 26 May 1739 . . . Martin Bickham . . . obtained license of marriage for himself and for Sarah Gerrard of the county aboves'd, spinster . . . Witnesses: John Ladd, Jr. and ____ Paten.  (Given name obscured in binding.)16 

Children from this marriage were: 

9  i. Caleb BICKHAM was born est 1735 and died before 10 May 1799.17 

Sources:

 

1           New Jersey State Archives, Inventory of Martin Bickham, 1750, File No. 451H, Gloucester County, New Jersey.  Copy obtained in September 1999.

2          New Jersey State Archives, File 380H, Liber 6, pg 79, Will & Inventory of Robert Gerrard.   Item one equal twelveth part I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Sarah the wife of Martain Bickham to be paid as before expressed.".  Copy obtained in August 2003.

3          William Nelson, edited by, Calendar of New Jersey Wills, Administrations, Etc., Vol. II (1730-1750), (Paterson, New Jersey: The Press Printing and Publishing Co., 1901), pg. 539-540.   1736, June 16. Wood, Constantine, of Woodbury, Gloucester Co., yeoman. Inventory (L388.8.5) includes debts due from Daniel Gant, Thomas Lucy, Thomas Wilkins, Dav. Bristo, John Clifton, John Ladd, Edward Wilson, Richard Chew, Martin Bickham. Appraisers - Wm. Wilkins, Richard Bickham. 

4          Colonial Conveyances East & West Jersey, 1664-1794.   BICKHAM, Henry to Bickham, Martin; A-L 147; 1-4-1749; Division line. Martin fr Bickham, Henry; A-L 147; 1-4-1749; Division line. Martin fr Bickham, Thomas; A-L 155; 2-12-1739; Greenwich, Gloucester. . .Thomas to Bickham, Martin; A-L 155; 2-12-1739; Greenwich, Gloucester.  Copy of page with BICKHAM listings received in March 2003 from New Jersey State Archives.

5          New Jersey State Archives, Colonial Deeds No. A-L 155, 12 February 1739, Thomas Bickham to Martin Bickham, Gloucester County, New Jersey.  Copy obtained in August 2003.

6          Genealogies of Pennsylvania Families from the Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine, (Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co., 1982), Vol. 1, pgs 816, 819.   Recited in Gloucester Deeds, office of the Secretary of State, Trenton, N.J., Liber K, 10: 10 May 1752, Sarah Bickham and Samuel Shivers to Isaac Hendrickson. 

7          New Jersey State Archives, Will & Inventory of Richard Bickham, 1740, File No. 251H, Gloucester County, New Jersey.  Copy obtained in September 1999.

8          National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 35.   Sealing Docket, Gloucester County, N.J., Beginning 1746. Martin Bickham v. Wm. Gerrard, 3 Feb. [1746], als Caps., case 50. 

9          New Jersey State Archives, Guardianship of Henry Bickham, 1748, File No. 638H, Gloucester County, New Jersey.  Copy obtained in September 1999.

10         The Pennsylvania Gazette, Accessible Archives, (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), Issue: 7 July 1748, Item #9821. 

11         William Nelson, edited by, Calendar of New Jersey Wills, Administrations, Etc., Vol. II (1730-1750), (Paterson, New Jersey: The Press Printing and Publishing Co., 1901), pg 194, 195, Will Abstract of Robert Gerrard. 

12         New Jersey State Archives, Colonial Deeds No. A-L 147, 4 January 1749, Quit Claim Deed, Henry Bickham to Martin Bickham, Gloucester County, New Jersey. 

13         William Nelson, edited by, Calendar of New Jersey Wills, Administrations, Etc., Vol. II (1730-1750), (Paterson, New Jersey: The Press Printing and Publishing Co., 1901), pg 44, Will Abstract of Martin Bickham.   A copy of this Will & Inventory were obtained from New Jersey State Archives. File 451H, Gloucester County. The last page of the Will was included with the Inventory. No other pages of the Will were found by New Jersey State Archives personnel. 

14         New Jersey State Archives, Inventory of Martin Bickham, 1750, File No. 451H, Gloucester County, New Jersey.   The last page of the Will was included with the Inventory. No other pages of the Will were found by New Jersey State Archives personnel.  Copy obtained in September 1999.

15         New Jersey State Archives, File 380H, Liber 6, pg 79, Will & Inventory of Robert Gerrard.  Copy obtained in August 2003.

16         Patricia M. Bergener, <brgnr@ix.netcom.com>, Early New Jersey Marriages - Extracts, (Copyright 1999), #6, Vol B, part 1, marrb1.txt.  From microfilm copies of original marriage bonds in posession of NJ Dept of Education, Division of State Library Archives & History. http://ftp.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/nj/njmarriages.htm

17         Stephen Girard Papers, (Philadelphia: Girard College), LB7:362.   Letter, dated 10 May 1799, from Stephen Girard to Martin Bickham, Isle of France: ". . . since your departure from our City your Father has deceased  I pay monthly to your mother one half of the sum which you have requested me to pay your parents this I conceive is sufficient as she lives with your sister Sally.  Write me by every opportunity for this continent & via Europe and believe me your friend,". 

18         Pre 1790 Census, pg 001, 1782.   Bickham, ** Deptford Twp pg 001 AprTX; Bickham, Caleb Deptford Twp pg 002 AugTX; Bickham, Calob Deptford Twp pg 001 FebTX; Bickham, Calob Deptford Twp pg 001 AprTX; Bickham, Richard Deptford Twp pg 001 AprTX; Bickham, Richard Deptford Twp pg 002 AugTX.  Computer Program Data.

19         Record of Pennsylvania Marriages Prior to 1810, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1963), Vol. II, pg 445.   St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia. 1761 Oct 1. Caleb Brickham and Hannah Pierce. 

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