BICKHAM Genealogy and Surname Study
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Thomas BICKHAM, Second Generation

Thomas BICKHAM, son of Richard BICKHAM of New Jersey, is the author's direct ancestor. He appears to have spent most of his adult life in Gloucester County, New Jersey, as did his brothers. 

 3.  Thomas BICKHAM, son of Richard BICKHAM and possibly Jane (Surname Unknown), was born probably about 1700 and died before 17 June 1754 in Greenwich Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey,.1   

Recorded events in his life were: 

•The inventory of John Faucett2 included debts due to the estate by the "Governour of Philadelphia" (L22.10.0), Samuel Hall, David Ceplin, and Thomas Bickham. The total value of John Faucett's estate was L107.4.3, and the appraisers were Gunnar Archard and John Jones.  John Faucett, or Fossett, a Greenwich Township yeoman, had written his will 16 July 1731. The administrator was his widow Grace Fossitt. Her fellow bondsmen were Samuel Rain and John Doe. 

Will Abstract of Hannah Hains [or Haines],3 a widow of Gloucester County, who wrote her will 5 December 1731. She named her daughters Sarah, the wife of John Snowden; and Mary, the wife of John Wood. Hannah's grand children were James Whitall; Hannah, Sarah, James, Henry, Jeremiah, Mary and Alice Wood; and Liddia, Hannah and William Snowden. Hannah named her Executor as her son-in-law John Wood. Witnesses to the will were Joseph Lord, Richard Bickham, Ju'r, William Wilkins, and Constantine Wood. 

•The inventory of Hannah Hains4 [or Haines], of Woodbury Creek, Gloucester County, was appraised by William Wilkins and Constantine Wood, on 29 November 1732. Total value of the estate was L137.15.10, and included "bonds of John Snowden, Richard Bickham, Ju'r, Tho. Wilkins, Thomas Bickham, rent due, for Redbanke, from Richard Bickham, Jur. ("from Hainses and John Wood, executors"), and a servant-boy, L20." 

•The inventory of Hannah Hains5 was made 29 November 1732 by William Wilkins and Constantine Wood.  A portion of the actual inventory is as follows: "Cash in hand  6=4=10, a bond upon John Snowden 10=0=0, a bond upon Richard Bickham Jur 10=0=0, a bond upon Thos Wilkins 5=0=0, a bond upon Thomas Bickham 10=0=0, money due for rent for Redbanke 1=3=4, money due for rent from Richard Bickham Jur 0=18=4, money due for rent from Hianeses Executors 1=16=8, money due from John Wood 18=0=0, a servant boy 20=0=0." 

•The inventory of Andrew Orchard (Archard)6 was taken on 22 April 1733, by Thomas Bickham and John Jones.  Andrew Orchard was of Greenwich in Gloucester County, New Jersey.  He died without a will and the administration of his estate was completed by Christian Orchard.  John Jones and Gunner Orchard were bondsmen, and witnesses were Ben. Bard and Joseph Ross. 

•He purchased land &/or property from William Wood, on 10 January 1737, in Greenwich Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey.7 See note following regarding the deed from Thomas Bickham to Martin Bickham, 12 February 1739. 

•He sold land &/or property to Martin Bickham, on 12 February 1739, in Greenwich Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey.7, 8 "Thomas Bickham of the Township of Greenwich Yeoman . . . Martin Bickham of the same Place abovesaid, Yeoman . . . for and in Consideration of the Sum of ten Pounds current lawfull Money of America . . . piece of Swamp Land or Meadow Ground . . . near the Head of the Title of little Timber Creek and adjoins to some Land of Richard Bickham . . . containing fifty four Acres of Land and Swamp which is part of One hundred and Twenty Acres of Land which the said Thomas Bickham purchas'd of William Wood . . . the tenth Day of January Anno Domini 1736/7 . . ." Witnesses William Webster and John Jones. The deed was recorded 10 May 1740. 

•The inventory of Gunner Archer9 was appraised, 24 October 1744, by Thomas Bickham and John Jones. Value of the personal estate was L163.14.10.

  Gunner Archer, yeoman of Greenwich, Gloucester County, had written his will 8 May 1744. His wife was Elioner. His son Andrew was "to have home plantation, 1/2 of meadows, marshes and a tract of land (65 acres) joining John Archers." His son Israel "the plantation called Boat hook and other half of aforesaid property." Gunner named his daughters "Elizabeth Matson and Magdelane Archer." Executors were named as his son Andrew and Henry Gray. Witnesses were Jno. Sketchley, John Wheeler, and Philip Grace. The will was proved 13 November 1744. 

•Will Abstract of Joseph Topliff,10 yeoman of Gloucester County. Joseph had written his will 29 July 1745. He named his "Friend, Grace Fawcett, executrix and to have the plantation I live on and marsh by Racoon Creek; also all personal estate." Witnesses wereThomas Wilkins, Thomas Bickham, and Isiah Davenport. The will was affirmed 12 August 1745. 

•Petition to Charles Read, dated 21 June 1748, "That our nephew, Hendry Bickham hath made choses of Samuel Shivers for his Garden . . ." Signed Thomas Bickham and Martin Bickham.11 

•Will Abstract of John Hopper, Sr.,12 yeoman of Deptford Township, Gloucester County. [He was Thomas Bickham's father-in-law.] John wrote his will 27 September 1749, naming his daughters Elizabeth and Rachel. He left land to his sons - to "Samuel, land in the forks of Mantua Creek" and to "John, the plantation whereon I live." Executors of the will were named as Joseph and John Tomlinson. Witnesses were William Harrison, Samuel Harrison, Michael Fisher, and Jo. Harrison. 

To this will was added a codicil bearing the same date of 27 September 1749. He requested his sons "John and Samuel to pay L6. to my daughter Elizabeth Bickham in six years, and L6 to be divided equally between her children. Witnesses to the codicil were the same individuals who had witnessed the will. The will and codicil were affirmed 15 January 1749/50.  

The inventory apprasial was made 26 January 1749/50 by John Witeall [or Whiteall] and Abraham Chattin. The value of the estate was L76.01.07. 

Renunciation of Joseph and John Tomlinson as executors had taken place the day before, 25 January 1749/50, and on 13 February 1749/50 bond was placed by "John Hopper, Thomas Bickham, and Levy Pierce, all of Gloucester County, as administrators of the estate." The witness was John Mickle, and letters were granted 29 March 1750. 

•The inventory of Martin Bickham13 was appraised by Thomas Bickham and William Gerrard, on 4 February 1751, in Greenwich Township, Gloucester County. The value of the estate was L56.14.2.  

•Will Abstract of Thomas Bickham, Sr.,14of Greenwich Township, Gloucester County. Thomas wrote his will 4 June 1752 and mentioned his wife, Elisabeth.  Children were Thomas, Joshua, Patience, Caleb, Margret and Elizabeth. Both real and personal estate was mentioned. Executors were to be his sons Thomas and Joshua. Witnesses were Thomas Wilkins, Francis Wood, and David Loyd. The will was proved 19 July 1954. 

•The Will of Thomas Bickham was written 4 June 1752, in Gloucester County, New Jersey.1 ". . . being weak of body . . . unto my dear beloved wife Elisabeth . . . unto my two eldest sons Thomas and Joshua Bickham . . . to my four children Patience, Caleb, Margaret and Elizabeth Bickham . . ." Thomas and Joshua were appointed as executors. Witnesses were Thomas Wilkins, Francis Wood, and David Loyd. 

•He owned land in Greenwich Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, advertised for sale, on 19 February 1754.15 The ad appeared in The Pennsylvania Gazette of Philadelphia: "TO be sold by the subscribers, a plantation, situated in Greenwich township, Gloucester county, near the mouth of Rackoon creek, containing 160 acres, near one half of which may be made good meadow, a considerable quantity improved, and all within good bank, with a good dwelling house, large barn, and a fine thriving young orchard; also a considerable quantity of cedar swamp, well timbered with good rail timber, lying within half a mile of said plantation. The said plantation lies pleasantly fronting the river Delaware and almost opposite Chester. Any person inclining to purchase, may view the premises, and know the conditions of sale by applying to Thomas Bickham." 

•The Inventory1 of Thomas Bickham was made on 17 June 1754, in Gloucester County, New Jersey, by William Wilkins and James Wood. The value of the estate was L688.8.4, and included a clock and case valued at L8; bills, bounds and book debts totaling, L540.6.1. 

•Thomas BICKHAM's will was proved 19 July 1754.1   

Thomas married Elizabeth HOPPER, daughter of John HOPPER, Sr., on 13 October 1725 in Haddonfield Mm, Gloucester County, New Jersey.16, 17   

Children from this marriage were: 

7  i.  Thomas BICKHAM, Jr. was born about 1727 in Gloucester County, New Jersey and died before 12 December 1754 in Gloucester County, New Jersey, before age 27.18   

   ii.  Joshua BICKHAM was born about 1730.   

  iii.  Patience BICKHAM was born about 1733. She married Samuel SKILL, 13 September 1760, at Christ Church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.19   

8 iv.  Caleb BICKHAM was born in March 1736,20, 21 died on 23 February 1811 in Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, at age 74,20, 22 and was buried on 24 February 1811 in Friends Cemetery.23, 24 

   v.  Margaret BICKHAM was born about 1739 and died after 15 April 1806, after age 67.28   

   vi. Elizabeth BICKHAM was born about 1741. She married William CURUTHERS, 22 June 1761, in Gloucester County, New Jersey. 29, 30, 31 

Sources:

 

1           New Jersey State Archives, Will & Inventory of Thomas Bickham, Sr., 1754, File No. 528H, Gloucester County, New Jersey.  Copy obtained in September 1999.

2          William Nelson, edited by, Calendar of New Jersey Wills, Administrations, Etc., Vol. II (1730-1750), (Paterson, New Jersey: The Press Printing and Publishing Co., 1901), pg 172, Will Abstract of John Faucett. 

3          Ibid, pg 211, Will Abstract of Hannah Hains. 

4          Ibid, pg. 211, Will Abstract of Hannah Hains. 

5          New Jersey State Archives, File 151H, Liber 3, p 233, Will & Inventory of Hannah Hains, File 151H, Liber 3, p 233.  Copy obtained in August 2003.

6          William Nelson, edited by, Calendar of New Jersey Wills, Administrations, Etc., Vol. II (1730-1750), (Paterson, New Jersey: The Press Printing and Publishing Co., 1901), pg 362, Will Abstract of Andrew Orchard.   1733, May 4. Orchard (Archard), Andrew, of Greenwich, Gloucester Co. Int. Adm'x, Christian Orchard. Bondsmen - John Jones, Gunner Orchard. Witnesses - Ben. Bard, Joseph Ross. Lib. 3, p. 297.  1734, April 22.  Inventory. L112.17.7; made by Thomas Bickham, John Jones.  Account. Moneys paid to William Ives, John Archard, John Wheeler, Magdalen Peterson. 

7          New Jersey State Archives, Colonial Deeds No. A-L 155, 12 February 1739, Thomas Bickham to Martin Bickham, Gloucester County, New Jersey.  Copy obtained in August 2003.

8          Colonial Conveyances East & West Jersey, 1664-1794.   BICKHAM, Martin fr Bickham, Thomas; A-L 155; 2-12-1739; Greenwich, Gloucester. Thomas to Bickham, Martin; A-L 155; 2-12-1739; Greenwich, Gloucester.  Copy of page with BICKHAM listings received in March 2003 from New Jersey State Archives.

9          William Nelson, edited by, Calendar of New Jersey Wills, Administrations, Etc., Vol. II (1730-1750), (Paterson, New Jersey: The Press Printing and Publishing Co., 1901), pg 23, Will Abstract of Gunner Archer. 

10         Ibid, pg 486, Will Abstract of Joseph Topliff. 

11         New Jersey State Archives, Guardianship of Henry Bickham, 1748, File No. 638H, Gloucester County, New Jersey.  Copy obtained in September 1999.

12         William Nelson, edited by, Calendar of New Jersey Wills, Administrations, Etc., Vol. II (1730-1750), (Paterson, New Jersey: The Press Printing and Publishing Co., 1901), pg 246, Will Abstract of John Hopper, Sr. 

13         New Jersey State Archives, Inventory of Martin Bickham, 1750, File No. 451H, Gloucester County, New Jersey.   Inventory of estate (L56.14.2) of Martin Bickham, made 4 February 1751, by Thomas Bickham and William Gerrard.  Copy obtained in September 1999.

14         William Nelson, edited by, Calendar of New Jersey Wills, Administrations, Etc., Vol. II (1730-1750), (Paterson, New Jersey: The Press Printing and Publishing Co., 1901), pg 28, Will Abstract of Thomas Bickham, Sr. 

15         The Pennsylvania Gazette, Accessible Archives, (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), 19 February 1754, Item 16631. 

16         Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey, Vol 3, pg 64.   Records of Newton and Haddonfield MM, Declarations of Intentions

Thomas Bickham and Elizabeth Hopper, 8th mo. 1725. 

17         The Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, Bickham Family File.   The Bickham Branch. Descendants of Thomas Bickham and Elizabeth Hopper, daughter of John, the elder. . . . In the Records of the Chester Friends' Meeting Moorestown, Burlington County, New Jersey, is the marriage in 1725 of Thomas Bickham and Elizabeth Hooper. Possibly was the daughter of John Hopper and the names of both mispelled in the record. (See Clement's First Emigrant Settlers, p. 403.)  Bickham Family File, dated 1907, containing documents pertaining to the research of Harry Shelmire Hopper. Copies of the file were obtained by mail in March 2000.

18         New Jersey State Archives, Will & Inventory of Thomas Bickham, Jr., 1754, File No. 526H, Gloucester County, New Jersey, File 526H.  Copy obtained in September 1999.

19         Research by Linda Musgrave. 

20         Records of Pine Street & Orange Street Monthly Meeting, pg. 737.   [No. 16]65  Bickham, Caleb  Died 2 mo. 24 da. 1811 Age 75y. 

21        Philadelphia Death Records.   Bickham, Caleb  Date of Death: Feb 23 1811  Age: 74 yr. 11 mo. 117 Swanson St.  Cemetery: Friends. 

22         Ibid. Bickham, Caleb  Date of Death: Feb 23 1811  Age: 74 yr. 11 mo. [Residence:] 117 Swanson St.  Cemetery: Friends. 

23        Ibid. Bickham, Caleb  Date of Death: Feb 23 1811  Age: 74 yr. 11 mo.  [Residence:] 117 Swanson St.  Cemetery: Friends. 

24        Records of Southern District Monthly Meeting, pg. 15.   BICKHAM Caleb - bur 2-24-1811 - ae 75. 

25        Genealogical Records: Pennsylvania Wills, 1682-1834.   JONES, JOHN.  City of Philadelphia.  Cooper.  January 16, 1806.  May 5, 1807.  2.95.  Caleb Bickham of Southwark, lumber merchant, and William Merriss of Philadelphia, merchant.  Letters granted to Caleb Bickham.  FTM CD #209

26        Heads of Families at the First Census of the US Taken in the Year 1790, Pennsylvania, pgs 212 & 213.   Page 212  Southwark Town  Almond Street, North Side. Bickhams, Caleb Stave Mercht Compting House. Bickhams, Caleb (Stave Merct, Stave Yard). Page 213  Southwark Town  Swanson Street, East Side. Bickham, Caleb (Stave Merct) Males over 16 - 3, Males under 16 - 3, Females - 6. 

27        Marriage Index: New Jersey, 1680-1900.   Brickham, Caleb; Scull, Rachel; 22 June 1761; Gloucester. 

28        City of Philadelphia, Register of Wills, Index No. W-34-1811, Will of Caleb Bickham.   "Item I give to my sister Margaret twenty pounds P.C. to be paid her within six months after my decease.". 

29        Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey, Vol 5, pg 63.   Records of Haddonfield Monthly Meeting. Marriages out of Meeting. Elizabeth Bickam, now Cruthers, 8th month 1762. 

30        H. Stanley Craig, Gloucester County New Jersey Marriage Records, (H. Stanley Craig, Publisher; Merchantville, NJ; 1930), pg 9.   Curuthers, William and Elizabeth Brickham, 22 June 1761.

31        William Nelson, New Jersey Marriage Records 1665 - 1800, (Paterson, New Jersey: The Press Printing and Publishing Co., 1900), pg 47. Repository: CD in Personal Library. The Marriage Ceremony. Females B. Bickham, Elizabeth, Gloucester, and William Curuthers, Gloucester 1761 June 22. 

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