The Eighteenth Century: The Unsuccessful Petition

May 27, 1771:

Francisco Trebol Navarro, Alcalde of Albuquerque, reports to the Governor that the dissolution of the 1763 Carnué Land Grant and the demolition of its plaza is completed.


Antonio Montano and a few descendants of the original 1763 settlers submit a new petition to settle Carnuel.

March 3, 1774:

Francisco Trebol Navarro reports to Governor Mendinueta that Antonio Montano has made a petition for Carnuel on behalf of himself and 35 families. The petition is later denied.

March 5, 1774:

Governor Mendinueta writes to Francisco Trebol Navarro regarding the Montano petition.

March 17, 1774:

Francisco Trebol Navarro prepares his report regarding Antonio Montano and the other petitioners.

March 1774:

Antonio Montano asks for reconsideration of the denial of the petition and states that his people are well-prepared for mountain warfare as they were raised in the mountains.

March 28, 1774:

Governor Mendinueta orders the final denial of the Montano petition.


Campaigns of Governor Bautista de Anza to control Commanche and Apache Indians.

July 27, 1783:

Laureano Lopez, espanol was sent to spy on Apaches in the Canyon and was killed by them. His wife, Juana Urribali was the sister of 1763 Carnue settler Juan Pedro Crisostomo Urribali.

August 1, 1783:

Juan Montoiawas also sent to spy on the Apaches in the Canyon, and was also killed by them. He was a genizaro from Atrisco who was married to a coyota wife, Maria Diega Candelaria.

The Nineteenth Century: The Successful Grant


Mexican Revolution against Spain begins.

February 27, 1817:

Governor Allande makes an order that Jose Laureano Lopez and a few other families may cultivate the land in Carnuel but may not take possession of the land.

November 1, 1818:

Juan Duran submits a petition to Governor Facundo Melgares for a new land grant at Carnuel.

November 4, 1818:

Josef Mariano de la Pena sends correspondence to Don Pino.

January 1819:

Juan Ignacio Tafoya submits another petition to Governor Facundo Melgares for land at Carnuel.

February 4, 1819:

Antonio Chaves and several familes of Los Padillas send correspondence to Josef Mariano de la Pena.

February 5, 1819:

Josef Mariano de la Pena correspondence to Governor Melgares.

February 11, 1819:

Decree of Governor Melgares for new Carnuel Land Grant.

February 25, 1819:

Act of possession made by Josef Mariano de la Pena. Twenty three familes at San Miguel de Laredo (Carnuel) and twenty two familes at San Antonio de Padua (San Antonio).

March 5, 1819:

Josef Mariano de la Pena certifies the grant.

March 26, 1819:

Act of possession by additional familes at Carnuel made by Josef Mariano de la Pena.

April 14, 1819:

Josef Mariano de la Pena sends correspondence to Juan Bautista Duran, first Alcalde of Carnuel.

April 21, 1819:

Josef Mariano de la Pena sends correspondence to Juan Bautista Duran.

November 1819:

Report of crops produced by settlers of Carnuel Land Grant.


Juan Garcia submits petition for lands in San Antonio de Carnue. Petition is denied for lack of availability of water.


New Mexico becomes part of the Mexican Republic.

February 2, 1848:

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo - New Mexico becomes territory of the United States.

March 1862:

Civil war operations conducted in Albuquerque and within the Tijeras Canyon. [In modern documents the area which encompasses the Carnuel Land Grant is frequently referred to as Tijeras Canyon.]

September 28, 1894:

Final Decree of Court of Private Land Claims. Common lands within the original land grant is reduced from 96,000 acres to 2,000 acres.

The Twentieth Century


New Mexico, with a population of 330,000, becomes a state.


Copyright © 2003 by J. Luna. All rights reserved. This site may be freely linked to, but not duplicated, in any fashion without the author's consent.