April 14, 1819:

Rules of the Carnuel Land Grant

SANM I, REEL 27, SG 150 Frames 899 to 902 - Translation of Spanish Document "D":

"The Chief Alcalde to the Lieutenant of the new settlement from San Miguel de Carnué as far as San Antonio in order that he may make it known to all the neighborhood, not only once but he shall repeat it monthly in order that not only no one can allege ignorance but that all may bear in mind that he who commits any offence besides being rigorously punished will be exiled to some other place for being disobedient.

1st He who shall take or use other people's property because of its being on the frontier, kills cattle or injures cattle, horses, mules, etc. shall at once be exiled, losing the land which may have been given him and all the work he may have done on it.

2nd No person shall be admitted to settle without permission from the Alcalde, who exercises this authority through the Senor Governor.

3rd He who shall shelter any one and does not denounce him, besides being punished, shall be exiled.

4th He who shall be careless [or] indolent and shall not apply himself to the task of cultivating the land which has been given him by the King shall in like manner be exiled.

5th Any of the land which may become vacant by death or other just cause on notice to the Alcalde shall be given to that one of the said settlers who may be most industrious.

6th For the period of ten years no one can alienate the land which has been assigned to him, for himself and his settler heirs nor hypothecate it for debts that he may have, under penalty of losing his right and of its being void in all its reversion.

The said Lieutenant will make an exact copy of this order returning the original to me so that it may be attached to the certified copy of the grant which remains in this archive for all time.

Town of Albuquerque, April 14, 1819

Josef Mariano de la Pena [Rubric]

Complied with and obeyed.

Juan Bautista Duran [Rubric]"

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Frame 901 reads:

"U.S. Surveyor General's Office

Santa Fe, New Mexico,

April 15, 1886.

The foregoing two pages contain a full, true and correct translation, to the best of my knowledge of the original in Spanish on one page, which original designated as letter "D", is on file in this office in private land claim file No. 96 in the name of Juan Ignacio Tafoya et al. for the Canon de Carnué tract.

Will. M. Tipton [signature]


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U.S. Surveyor General's Office

Santa Fe, New Mexico.

I hereby certify that the signature affixed to the foregoing certificate is the genuine signature of Will. M. Tipton, who at the time of signing the same, was the official translator of this office and that all his acts as such are entitled to full faith and credit.

In testimony where of I have here unto subscribed my name and caused the official seal of this office to be affixed, at the city of Santa Fe, this fifteenth day of April A.D. 1886.

Geo. W. Julian [signature]

U.S. Surveyor General

for New Mexico"

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SOURCE: Spanish Archives of New Mexico I, Microfilm reel 27, Surveyor General #150, "Cañon de Carnuel Land Grant" Fr. 899 to 902.



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