Things--Part 2 of 4 parts
This part is a secular time out: It is fairly long, but it really makes you think. It makes a great "What if", maybe even
a "Why not"
Things that cause
Immanuel Velikovsky was Professor Emeritus at Princeton, a brilliant scientist, even editing Einstein's papers for him.
Late in life, he developed a love for Psychology, and recieved a doctorate in that discipline. He began to focus on speech
as the basis for human expression, and began research into early languages. As a professor Emeritus at Princeton at the time,
he had all the resources of Princeton's vast language libraries at his disposal. In his studies, he began to notice a lack
of written information or 'black holes' in certain time periods, and this void seemed to appear in each hemisphere at the
He also noticed reports in Aztec writings which spoke of a period of time when the sun refused to rise, while in the Chinese
writings a perpetual 'morning' occurred when the sun would rise and set in a small circular pattern, never coming overhead.
Immanual Velikovsky, a Jew, was quite familiar with the writings of the prophets, and though he never pretended to believe
"God" handled anything, he always believed the events written there actually happened. He was sure there was a logical natural
explanation. After several years of research, he was convinced he had found it. It required a disruption of the theory of
evolution, the big bang, and virtually negated all the profound theories of the proud theoriticians of the day. As a scientist,
he knew the uproar his works would cause, so he had them so well documented with footnotes and references, that they were
(and still are) irrefutible through any reason. The main claim that the earth has suffered more than 3 catyclysms in the past
12,000 years is what mainly set them off. It turns out, scientists jealous of their beliefs are without reason.
His books were all published in the mid-1950's and early 60's, and were the subject of the most bizzare uproar among "scientists"
since the inquisition. Even tho his first published book "worlds in collision" was a national best seller in no time, it was
abruptly pulled from publication in the US, and even today the mere mention of his name among 'scientists' draws disdain immediately.
(try it sometime in the Astronomy club folders) They were subsequently published in Great Britain, but not in nearly the volume
they deserved. As a result, most of his works are no longer available from any source except a used book store if you are
lucky enough to find them. I have managed to obtain four of the five in my forays.
What follows is a fragmentary scenario based on three of Immanual Velikovsky's five books,
"Worlds in Collision" "Earth in Upheaval" and "Ages in Chaos".
"Global catyclysms fundamentally altered the face of the earth more than once in historical times. The terrestrial axis
shifted. Earth fled from it's established orbit. The magnetic poles reversed. In great convulsions, the seas emptied onto
continents, the planets' crust folded, and volcanoes erupted into mountain chains. Lava flows up to a mile thick spilled onto
vast areas of the earth's surface. Climates changed suddenly, covering lush vegetation with ice, while green meadows were
transformed into deserts. In a few awful moments, civilizations collapsed. Entire species were exterminated in continental
sweeps of mud, debris, sea and ice. Tidal waves of water and rocks crushed even the largest of beasts, tossing their fragmented
bones and meat into heaps tangled with splintered trees into valleys and rock fissures, preserved to this day in Alaska and
Siberia. in frozen limbo.... Mammoths in Siberia were instantly killed by great bolts of electric discharge, quick frozen
and buried with their last meal undigested in their bellies. The surviving generations of people recorded these events in
detail by every means available to them. They recorded them in myths, legends, temple constructions and drawings, monuments
to the planetary gods, precise charts of the heavens, sacrificial rites, astrological canons, detailed records of planetary
movements, as well as tragic lamentations amid the fallen cities and destroyed institutions.
Aware of some link between the circuit of heavenly bodies and the catastrophic ruin of previous generations, the ancients
tirelessy watched the planetary movements. Their traditions recalled that when old epochs dissolved, the new "age" or "sun"
was marked by different celestial paths. Astrologers and Seers, the most important office in a kingdom, watched diligently
for any change which might portend approaching destruction and the end of an age.
Prior to 2000 BC, the ancient Hindu records spoke of four visible planets, and excluded Venus. The Babylonians, meticulous
in their observations, likewise excluded Venus. This is very strange, since nowadays Venus is easily the brightest planet
in the heavens at times. But, long before 1500 BC, Jupiter, chief among the dieties for centuries, shattered the serenity
of the skies. A brilliant, fiery object, expelled from that planet, entered on a long elliptical orbit around the sun. The
feared god Jupiter had given birth to the comet and protoplanet, Venus.
Terrified, men watched helplessly as the "bright torch of heaven" traversed it's elongated orbit, and began a turn toward
earth. Venus, as a Chinese astronomical text recalls, spanned the heavens, rivaling the sun in brightness. An ancient Rabbinical
source records that "Venus blazes from one end of the cosmos to the other." The fears of the star watchers were justified.
As Venus arched away from perihelion passage, during the middle of the 15 th century BC (ie 1450 BC), the earth approached
this intruder, entering first the outer reaches of it's cometary tail. A rusty ferrignous (iron oxide) dust filtered down
upon the earth, imparting a bloody hue to land and sea. The fine pigment chafed human skin, and men were overcome by sickness.
Those who sought to drink, could not. Rivers stank from the rotting carcasses of suffocated fish, and men dug desperately
for water uncontaminated by the alien dust. "Plague is upon the land, blood is everywhere" bewailed the writings of the Egyptian
scribe Ipuwer. "Men shrink from tasting, human beings thirst after water,--that is our water! That is our happiness!! What
shall we do in respect therof-- All is ruin".
Meanwhile, as recalled by the Babylonians, the blood of the celestial monster Tiamat poured over all the world.
As the earth's path carried it ever deeper into the comet's tail, the rain of particles grew ever more coarse and perilous.
Soon a great hail of gravel pummelled the earth ...The author of the Exodus writes ...."there was hail, and fire mingled with
the hail, very grievous,such as there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation". Fleeing from the
torrent of burning meteorites, men abandoned their crops and livestock to seek shelter. Fields of grain that was to feed great
cities perished. Cried the Egyptian scribe Ipuwer..."No fruits, no herbs are found. that which was seen yesterday has vanished.
The land is left to it's weariness like the cutting of flax". These things happened, say the Mexican Annals of Cauahtitlan,
when the sky ...."rained not water, but fire and burning stones."
As the earth plunged still deeper into the comet's tail, hydrocarbon gasses enveloped the earth, and when contacting the
earths oxygen became ignited by the falling meteorites, exploding in fireball bursts in the lower atmosphere. Unlighted streams
of pure petroleum poured onto the planet, sinking into the surface, floating on the seas, and making great asphalt tar pits
in many places. From Siberia thru the Caucasus to the Arabian desert, huge spills of naptha burned for years, their dark billowing
smoke lending a shroud for human despair.
Earth was pursuing a near collision course with the comet. Suddenly, caught in an invisible grip, the earth rocked violently:
it's axis tilted. In a single convulsed moment, cities were laid waste, great buildings of stone leveled, and populations
decimated. Ipuwer writes..."The towns are destroyed...egypt has become waste...all is ruin...the residence is overturned...in
a minute" Around the world, oceans rushed over mountains, and poured into continental basins. Rivers flowed uphill. Islands
sank into the sea. Displaced strata crashed together, while the shifting earth generated a global hurricane which destroyed
forests and swept away the dwellings of men. In China the emperor Yahou spoke "of waters which overtopped the great heights,
threatening the heavens with their floods". Arabia was thus transformed into a desert by the same type of paroxysms which
may have sank the legendary Atlantis beneath the ocean west of Gibraltar millennia earlier. With dulled senses, survivors
lay in a trance for days, choking for breath in the smoky air. The tilted axis left part of the earth in protracted darkness,
and the rest in an extended day. From the Americas to the Middle East, records tell us darkness persisted for the time equivalent
of several days. On the edge of darkness, the peoples of Iran witnessed a "threefold night" and a "threefold day". Chinese
sources speak of a holocaust during which the sun did not set for many days and the land and sky was aflame. Peoples and nations
everywhere, uprooted by disaster, wandered from their homelands.
Led by Moses, the book of Exodus records, the Israelites fled the devastation which brought Egypt's middle kingdom to ruin.
As they rushed toward the sea of passage, the glistening comet, in form like a dragon's head, shone thru the tempest of dust
and smoke like a beacon.
The night sky glowed brightly as the comet's head and it's writhing serpentine tail exchanged gigantic electrical bolts.
The great battle between the comet's head and the column of smoke--between a light god and a leviathan serpent--was memorialized
in primary myths around the earth. Babylonians told of Marduk striking the dragon Tiamet with bolts of fire. The Egyptians
saw Isis and Set in deadly combat. The Hindus saw Vishnu battling the 'crooked serpent'. The Greeks saw Zeus, in the account
of Appolodorus, in a struggle with the coiled viper, Typhon.
The fleeing Israelites, having reached Pi-ha-khiroth, at the edge of the Red sea, were pursued by the pharoah Taoui-Thom
(Typhon). The Red sea is perhaps so named because of the red color it inherited from the plague of iron dust. There is no
logical reason to name it red sea based upon its surroundings today. It is a beautiful blue.
The great sea lay displaced before the Israelites, it's waters lifted into wall-like ridges by the movement of the earth
and the pull of the comet's field. Crossing the dry sea bottom, the main body of Israelites escaped from Egypt. As the comet
made it's closest approach to earth, Taoui-Thom was moving his armies into the dry sea bed in pursuit of the fleeing Israelites.
Even before all the Israelites had cleared the sea, a gigantic electrical bolt flew between the comet and the earth, neutralizing
the main body of charge which held the waters aloft. Instantly, the waters collapsed. The Pharoah, his armies and chariots,
as well as those Israelites who lagged behind were cast furiously into the air, and consumed in a gigantic whirlpool.
The battle in the sky raged for weeks. A column of smoke by day and a pillar of fire by night, Venus meted destruction
to nations large and small. To the Israelites, however, it was God's instrument of salvation. Through a series of close approaches,
the comet's tail, a dreadful shadow of death, cinctured the earth, wreathing the planet in a thick gloomy haze that lasted
for decades. And so, in darkness, a historical age ended.
Probably, the human race would have become extinct, except for the mysterious, life-giving substance precipitated in the
heavy atmosphere-- the nourishing "manna" and "ambrosia" described in the ancient records of all peoples. It fell with the
morning dew, a sweet, yellowish hoarfrost. It was edible. The ambrosial hoarfrosts were carbohydrates derived from Venus'
hydrocarbons through bacterial action with earthly microbes. The aroma filled the atmosphere with sweet fragrance. Streams
flowed with "milk and honey". When heated, this 'bread of heaven' dissolved, but when cooled, it precipitated into grains
which could be preserved for long periods or ground between stones. It's presence allowed mankind to survive. In the new age,
the sun rose in the east, where formerly it set. The quarters of the world were displaced. Seasons no longer came in their
proper times. The orbital path of the earth around the sun was changed from before . "The winter is come in summer, the months
are reversed, and the hours are disordered"... reads an Egyptian Papyrus. The Chinese emperor Yahou sent scholars throughout
the land to locate north east west and south and to draw up a new calendar. Numerous records tell of the earth "turning over".
An egyptian inscription from before the tumult says that the "sun riseth in the west".
While men attempted to determine the times and seasons, Venus continued on a threatening course around the sun. Under Joshua,
the Israelites had entered the promised land, and again Venus drew near. It was while the caananites fled from before the
hand of Joshua in the valley of Beth-Horon --some fifty years after the exodus, that the daughter of Jupiter again drew near,
and unleashed her fury a second time. "The Lord cast down great stones from heaven upon them in Azekah, and they died" The
terrestial axis tilted again. Once more, the earth quaked violently. Cities burned and fell to the ground. Above Beth-Horon,
the sun stood still (it's apparent movement ceased as the earth slowly tilted) for hours. On the other side of the earth,
Mexican Annals recorded a a prolonged night, punctuated by a burning sky and landscape. This occurred according to the records,
50 years after an earlier destruction.
As in it's earlier encounter with the young comet, the earths surface was torn with great rifts and clefts., and hurricanes
(typhoons) scourged the land. Anticipating renewed devastation after another 50 year period, nations bowed down before the
great fire-goddess. With bloody orgies and incantations, they enjoined the "Queen of heaven" to spare them further misery.
"Spare us, O lady of Heaven and earth", prayed the Babylonians. "We Sacrifice unto Tistyra " declared a priest in Iran "the
bright and glorious star, whose rising is watched by the chiefs of understanding" Mexican high priests sacrificed virgins
and young men so that they would be spared further destruction.
In both hemispheres, men fixed their gaze anxiously on the comet as for centuries, it continued it's circuit, crossing
the orbits of both mars and earth. Before the middle of the 8th century BC, astrologers recorded dramatic irregularities in
it's wanderings. Viewed from Babylonia, Venus rose, disappeared in the west for over nine months, then reappeared in the east.
Dipping below the eastern horizon, it was not seen again for over two months, until it shown in the west. The following year,
Venus vanished in the west for 11 days before reappearing in the east.
But, this time it was Mars, pulled from its orbit by a much larger planetoid, that endured a cometary jolt. It was sent
from this encounter with the comet to a meeting with earth. A new agent of destruction was born in the unstable solar system.
This occurred in the days of Uzziah, King of Judah. Aware of the baleful meaning of irregular celestial motions, the prophet
Amos, echoed by other observors of the sky, warned of new cosmic upheavals. Events soon proved him right.
As Mars drew near, the earth reeled on it's hinges. West of Jerusalem, half a mountain split off and fell eastward. Flaming
seraphim leaped skyward. Men were tossed into the streets filled with debris and mutilated bodies. Buildings crumbled, and
the earth opened up. These same catyclysms were associated with the founding of Rome in 747BC. And with the death of Romes
legendary founder, Romulus, Ovid reports" both the poles shook" Thus, Mars, the lord of war, became the national god of Rome.
Much smaller than earth, Mars could not equal the destruction caused by the earlier encounter with Venus, but earth was forced
to alter its course around the sun again. The old calender with its 360 day years and 30 day months became outdated. Emperors
and kings again directed their astrologers to make new calendars.
Mars and Venus now competed for the allegiance of men. Tribes moved from their homelands, confronting new enemies while
petitioning Mars or Venus for a swift victory. Cities and temples were dedicated to the two planetary gods who determined
the fate of nations.
The era of conflict between Mars and Earth continued until 687-686 BC. Hebrew prophets after 747 BC cried apocalyptically
of upheavals yet to come. Reminding the Israelites of their passage out of Egypt, they declared once more that the whole earth
would darken and quake, the moon turn to blood, the sun darken, and the earth would be engulfed yet again in blood, fire and
pillars of smoke.
The catastrophe, as Mars hurtled past the earth, came in the year 721 BC, on the very day Judah's King Ahaz was buried.
Under the influence of Mars passage, the earth's axis tilted and the poles shifted. Earth's orbit swung wider, and the length
of the year was increased yet again. Israelites observed the sun hastening by several hours to a premature setting. Thereafter
the solar disk made it's way across the sky 10 degrees further to the south. Seneca records that on the Argive plain, in central
Greece, the early sunset came amid great upheaval. The tyrant Thyestes beckoned to the entire universe to dissolve. The Great
Bear dipped below the horizon. In the days that followed, states Seneca, "the zodiac, which, making passage through the sacred
stars, crosses the zones obliquely, guide and sign-bearer for the slow moving years, falling itself, shall see the fallen
Once a peaceful, barely noticed planet, Mars became the "king of battle". Mars was not yet finished with it's disruption
on earth. In 687 BC, a powerful Assyrian army led by Sennacherib marched toward Jerusalem. On the evening of March 23, the
first night of the Hebrew Passover, Sennacherib made camp outside the walls of Jerusalem. Meanwhile, Mars was making one last
approach to earth. A "great thunderbolt" --a "blast from heaven"-- charred the bodies of the soldiers, leaving their garments
intact. The dead numbered 185,000. Ashurbanipal, Sennacherib's grandson, later recalled "the perfect warrior", Mars, the "Lord
of the storm" who brings defeat. On the same night, Mar 23, 687 BC, in China, the Bamboo Books reveal a disturbance of the
planets caused them to "go out of their courses. in the night, stars fell like rain. the earth shook". The Romans celebrated
the occasion. "The most important role in the (Roman) cult of Mars appears to be played by the festival of 'Tubilustrium"
on the 23rd of March."
The sun retreated by several hours. In certain longitudes the solar disk, which had just risen, returned below the horizon.
In others, the setting sun changed it's course, rising in the sky. The Hebrews witnessed the prolonged night of Sennacherib's
The Sun's retreat, due to a 10 degree tilt of the earth's axis, corrected the shift of 721 BC. "So the sun returned 10
degrees, by which degrees it had gone down", reads Isaiah 38:8.
From one continent to another, men, oppressed with the terror, watched Mars battle Venus in the heavens, speed fiercely
towards the earth bringing blasts of fire and rocks, retreat and engage Venus once more. Perhaps the most startling account
of this "battle of the gods" is contained in Homer's Iliad. (Velikovsky's chronology places Homer later than 747 BC). As the
Greeks besieged Troy, Athena (Venus) "would utter her loud cry". And over against her spouted Ares (Mars) dread as a dark
whirlwind...All the roots of many-founted Ida were shaken, and all her peaks". The river "rushed with surging flood, and the
fair streams seethed and boiled". Mars was thrown out of the ring; Venus emerged a tame planet pursuing a near perfect circular
orbit between mercury and earth. Where it once had ranged high in the zenith, now it became the morning and evening star,
never retreating more than 48 degrees from the sun. Isaiah, who had witnessed the planets' destructive power, sang of it's
disgrace: "How art thou fallen from heaven, o lucifer, son of the morning, How art thou cut down to the ground, which did
weaken the nations. For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of
The above book(s) review was brought to you by sore-fingered, slow typing Bob. April, 1995
It is taken from I. Velikovsky's books, Worlds in Collision, Ages in Chaos, and Earth in Upheaval.