Actual Ottoman Fabrics

16th Century

The famous Ottoman fabrics were made chiefly of silk, and were constructed in a variety of complex weaves, such as brocade, velvet and voided velvet, lampas, damask, and more.

Note formal arrangement of motifs in 16th century fabric. Ogees (ovals with pointed ends) are especially common, but slightly wavy vertical vines with flowers - especially tulips and carnations - are also popular. Çintamani is also popular - a pattern of three circles arranged in a triangle - often with wavy stripes

While there are other accent colors, rich kermes red is the predominant fabric color. It is frequently paired with rich yellow or metallic gold. Various shades of indigo blue are also used, and green was generally made by overdyeing yellow with indigo for an accent color.


Cintamani fabric Cintamani fabric

Second Half of 16th Century


Late 16th C. fabric 16th C. fabric silk and metallic thread


Late 16th C. fabric Late 16th C. fabric - vertical vine Late 16th C. fabric - vertical vine

Late 16th or Early 17th C. Century

Embroidery: Pattern Darning on Linen

Silk Pattern Darning on Linen

17th C. Century

Note how patterns - still formal - are now incorporating smaller, fussier elements

Velvet Cushion Cover Velvet Cushion Cover

Late 15th and 16th Century Ottoman Women's Clothing

17th Century Ottoman Women's Clothing

18th Century Ottoman Women's Clothing

19th Century Ottoman Women's Clothing

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