The famous Ottoman fabrics were made chiefly of silk, and were constructed in a variety of complex weaves, such as brocade, velvet and voided velvet, lampas, damask, and more.
Note formal arrangement of motifs in 16th century fabric. Ogees (ovals with pointed ends) are especially common, but slightly wavy vertical vines with flowers - especially tulips and carnations - are also popular. Çintamani is also popular - a pattern of three circles arranged in a triangle - often with wavy stripes
While there are other accent colors, rich kermes red is the predominant fabric color. It is frequently paired with rich yellow or metallic gold. Various shades of indigo blue are also used, and green was generally made by overdyeing yellow with indigo for an accent color.
Note how patterns - still formal - are now incorporating smaller, fussier elements